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Biblical Greek - Lesson 35

Nonindicative of δίδωμι and Conditional Sentences

In this lesson, you will learn about non-indicative forms and conditional sentences. You will explore the similarities and differences between subjunctive active and passive forms, as well as imperative active and passive forms. Infinitives and participles will also be discussed. The lesson dives into first, second, and third class conditional sentences, explaining their meanings and usage. Additionally, you will learn some new vocabulary related to the lesson's content.

Bill Mounce
Biblical Greek
Lesson 35
Watching Now
Nonindicative of δίδωμι and Conditional Sentences

I. Non-Indicative Forms

A. Subjunctive Active and Passive

B. Imperative Active and Passive

C. Infinitives

D. Participles

II. Conditional Sentences

A. First Class Conditional Sentences (Condition of Fact)

B. Second Class Conditional Sentences (Contrary to Fact)

C. Third Class Conditional Sentences (Future More Probable and Present General)

III. Vocabulary


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  • Bill Mounce invites you to join this course on Biblical Greek and learn the language that he believes is not as hard as people make it out to be, and assures that his lectures will hit just the high points of Greek and that there are resources available on his website for deeper understanding.
  • You will gain knowledge and insight into the fundamentals of biblical Greek, including the alphabet and pronunciation, nouns and adjectives, pronouns and verbs, and the importance of further study. You will learn about the declension of nouns and the conjugation of verbs in different tenses, such as the present, imperfect, future, and aorist. This lesson provides a comprehensive overview of the basics of biblical Greek, making it accessible to beginners who are just starting to learn.
  • In the Learning Greek lesson, you will tackle memorization, learn about tools to assist you, understand the importance of exercises, and discover the significance of time, consistency, and discipline to enhance your Greek language skills and develop a closer connection with Jesus.
  • In this lesson, you learn the Greek alphabet and its pronunciation, discovering similarities to the English alphabet and mastering special pronunciation rules like gamma nasal, vowels, diphthongs, iota subscript, diuresis, and breathing marks, crucial for Greek language study.
  • You will gain insight into the importance of punctuation and syllabification in Greek, which will help you better understand the meaning and pronunciation of Greek texts.
  • Through this lesson, you will develop a solid foundation in English nouns, their types, functions in sentences, and practical tips for mastery.
  • In this lesson, you grasp the significance of nominative and accusative definite articles in Biblical Greek, exploring their roles in identifying subjects and direct objects, and applying the definite article in context.
  • This lesson equips you with the knowledge to identify and translate the genitive and dative cases in biblical Greek, enhancing your understanding and interpretation of biblical texts.
  • Gain insight into the importance of prepositions in Biblical Greek, explore their different categories and meanings, and learn how they modify verbs, nouns, and adjectives to enhance your understanding of the New Testament's original language.
  • In this lesson, you will learn about adjectives in Biblical Greek, their declension, comparison, and their crucial role in syntax, semantics, interpretation, and translation of Biblical texts.
  • By studying the third declension in Biblical Greek, you gain insight into noun and adjective formations, enhancing your ability to analyze and interpret New Testament texts.
  • You gain knowledge of first and second person personal pronouns in Biblical Greek, learning their forms, usage, and application in translating and interpreting New Testament texts.
  • You will gain a comprehensive understanding of Greek pronouns, focusing on forms and genders, and learn to apply this knowledge to accurately interpret biblical texts.
  • By studying this lesson, you acquire a thorough understanding of demonstrative pronouns and adjectives in Biblical Greek, their forms, syntax, and proper application in New Testament passages.
  • This lesson equips you to comprehend relative pronouns in Biblical Greek and their role in connecting ideas and forming dependent clauses.
  • In this lesson, you gain an in-depth understanding of verbs in Biblical Greek, learning about tenses, voices, and moods, and how to apply this knowledge in biblical exegesis.
  • Master the present active indicative in Biblical Greek to understand the language's structure, form regular and irregular verbs, and accurately translate and interpret the text.
  • In this lesson, you gain insight into contract verbs in Biblical Greek, learning to identify and parse them, enabling accurate translation and interpretation of the New Testament texts.
  • This lesson provides a deep understanding of the present middle-passive indicative verb forms in Biblical Greek, including their formation, usage, and tips for accurate translation.
  • This lesson provides you with a comprehensive understanding of the future active and middle indicative verb forms in Biblical Greek, equipping you with translation techniques and practice exercises to enhance your skillset.
  • Through this lesson, you acquire knowledge of verbal roots and future forms in Biblical Greek, enabling better interpretation of the New Testament by recognizing regular and irregular patterns.
  • This lesson teaches you how to understand and use the imperfect indicative in biblical Greek, offering insights into verb conjugations, context, and translation accuracy.
  • You will gain expertise in Second Aorist Active and Middle Indicative forms in Biblical Greek, their formation, usage, and importance in biblical interpretation.
  • This lesson equips you with knowledge of the First Aorist Active and Middle Indicative in Biblical Greek, covering formation, parsing, and translation techniques while providing examples from the New Testament.
  • By studying this lesson, you learn to identify and translate Aorist and Future Passive Indicative verb forms in Biblical Greek, enabling accurate exegesis and interpretation of the New Testament.
  • In this lesson, you acquire knowledge on forming, conjugating, and translating perfect indicative verbs in biblical Greek, with a focus on understanding context and handling irregular verb forms.
  • Through this lesson, you learn about Greek participles, their types, and translation techniques, enhancing your ability to analyze and understand the New Testament texts.
  • This lesson teaches you to identify, translate, and interpret present continuous adverbial participles in Biblical Greek, enhancing your understanding of New Testament exegesis.
  • Gain insights into aorist undefined adverbial participles, their types, and translation techniques to improve your understanding of the Greek text and biblical exegesis.
  • Through this lesson, you master the intricacies of adjectival participles in biblical Greek, including their forms, translation, and syntax, ultimately enhancing your ability to analyze and translate biblical texts.
  • This lesson teaches you the intricacies of perfect participles and genitive absolutes in biblical Greek, enabling you to accurately translate and understand complex grammatical structures.
  • Gain insight into the subjunctive mood in Biblical Greek, understanding its formation, functions, and importance for interpreting the New Testament's nuanced meanings.
  • Through this lesson, you learn to recognize and understand the various roles and functions of infinitives in Biblical Greek, ultimately enhancing your ability to study the biblical text.
  • In this lesson, you learn about the imperative mood in Biblical Greek, its forms and uses, negation, and the subjunctive as an alternative for expressing commands and requests.
  • In this lesson, you learn to understand and apply the imperative mood in Biblical Greek, including its formation, nuances, and its use in exegesis.
  • In this lesson, you gain a deeper understanding of non-indicative forms and conditional sentences, learning to differentiate between subjunctive, imperative, infinitive, and participle forms, as well as first, second, and third class conditional sentences, while expanding your vocabulary.
  • Gain insights into Biblical Greek constructs, conditional sentences, Greek particles, and techniques for parsing and translating complex passages, enhancing your ability to interpret the New Testament.

These lectures will take you through the main points of each chapter in Bill Mounce's Basics of Biblical Greek (3rd edition). These Summary Lectures are also available at billmounce.com, along with other free resources for learning biblical Greek. [The first lecture was originally given in the course Dr. Mounce was teaching at Gordon-Conwell seminary. The syllabus he mentions was for that group of students and is not available.]

 

BillMounce.com also sells video lectures by Bill Mounce that cover every point in the grammar.

Recommended Books

Basics of Biblical Greek Grammar 3rd (third) Edition

Basics of Biblical Greek Grammar 3rd (third) Edition

William D. Mounce's "Basics of Biblical Greek Grammar" and its companion tool "Basics of Biblical Greek Workbook" are the best-selling and most widely accepted textbooks for learning New Testament Greek.

Basics of Biblical Greek Grammar 3rd (third) Edition

Recommended Books

Basics of Biblical Greek Grammar 3rd (third) Edition

Basics of Biblical Greek Grammar 3rd (third) Edition

William D. Mounce's "Basics of Biblical Greek Grammar" and its companion tool "Basics of Biblical Greek Workbook" are the best-selling and most widely accepted textbooks for learning New Testament Greek.

Basics of Biblical Greek Grammar 3rd (third) Edition

Dr. Bill Mounce
Biblical Greek
nt201-35
Nonindicative of δίδωμι and Conditional Sentences
Lesson Transcript

[00:00:00] In chapter 35, we're going to complete our investigation of determine looking at the non indicative forms. And we're also going to round out what we should know about conditional sentences. If you look at the subjunctive active in the right hand column compared to the present, active in the left hand column, you can see that if you remove the duplication, they are exactly the same. So that's your clue there. When you look at the subjunctive passive, if you look in the left hand column, it's the present and it is what you would expect, except that the vowels are always long stem vowels. That is. Then when you look at the error, subjunctive, passive, you don't have the re duplication, but you have the tense, formative and the same lengthened vowels with the appropriate endings. So you can see how similar they are and how easy it is going to be. Identify them. When you get into the imperative dilemma, be present on the left, artist on the right. Second, singular is what you have to memorize, and after that is told to Tolson. And what you have is be duplication in the present and none on the right. So again, very straightforward. Infinitives also should be pretty straightforward. The president has the re duplication with the Yoda and the arrows doesn't. You want to take some time looking at the participles, but I think you'll find that they're very simple as well. Now let's finish out what we learned about conditional sentences. Remember the two terms process and the participants? The process is the if clause, and that's the conditional element. If this then that and they are participants is the then clause. Back in chapter 31, we learned the two types of third class conditional sentences which are started with a non in the subjunctive via the future, more probable in the present general.

[00:02:00] But let's take a look at the first and second, a first class conditional sentences also called a condition of fact. The process has a and the indicative and what is saying is that if such and such is true, and for the sake of argument, let's assume that it is, then this will happen. So you generally translate the A's. And if so, for example, Jesus says, If your right hand causes you to sin, cut it off. We often drop off the then in English there are, however, times where if you translate the A with an if it brings in some ideas that are actually not intended by the speaker. For example, Paul says, If we believe that Jesus died in Rose again, well there's no if about it in in some of these cases you can translate since since we believe that Jesus died in rose again but be pretty careful with this try to keep if as you translation of a if possible. A second class conditional sentences called a contrary effect. And what they're saying is that if something is true, even though it's not, then such and such will happen. And what you will have is a in the indicative in the practices, but you'll have on Alpha Nu in the other parties. And that, along with context, will make it clear that you're looking at a second class conditional sentence. Paul says if they had known him, they would not have crucified the Lord of Glory. Well, of course they didn't know him, but if they had, then they wouldn't have crucified him. So that's first and second class conditional sentences. So let's take a look at the vocabulary. Huggy ADSL. Huggy ADSL I consecrate. Sanctify. Hammer. Tano, Hammer. Tano. I sin.

[00:04:02] Amato loss. Amato loss as an adjective means sinful. When it's used as a noun, it means sinner. Anastas. This injustice is honest ourselves. Hey. Means resurrection. Up on Jell-O. Up on Jell-O. I report or I tell. Dear Canelo, Dear Canelo, I serve. Dear Kenya. Dear Kenya. Dear Kenya's Health Service. DKA Oh. DKA Oh. Means I justify or I vindicate. Phillips's Phillips's Phillips Sales Hay Affliction. Tribulation Hill. Asterion Hill. Asterion Hill. A stay were you to perpetuation expiation or place of atonement. Storaro Storaro I crucify. So tear. So tear. So. Tyrus Ha! Savior or deliverer. S.A.. Seattle area. So Terrace. Hey. Salvation or Deliverance? Fonarow. Fonarow I reveal make known. FOB us. Faubus. FA bu ha. Fear or reverence.