Preaching - Lesson 19

Application (Part 2/2)

In this lesson, you will explore the principles, methods, and challenges of applying biblical teachings to contemporary life. You will learn about the importance of application in preaching, the key elements to consider, and various approaches to application, such as inductive, deductive, and narrative. Moreover, you will dive into the challenges faced in applying Scripture, including cultural differences, interpretive issues, and striking a balance between relevance and timelessness. Finally, you will gain practical tips for effective application, such as being contextually sensitive, culturally aware, and balancing truth and grace.

Bryan Chapell
Lesson 19
Watching Now
Application (Part 2/2)

I. Principles of Application

A. Definition and Importance

B. Key Elements

1. Biblical Context

2. Contemporary Context

3. Personal and Communal Impact

II. Methods of Application

A. Inductive Approach

B. Deductive Approach

C. Narrative Approach

III. Challenges in Application

A. Cultural Differences

B. Interpretive Issues

C. Relevance and Timelessness

IV. Practical Tips for Effective Application

A. Be Contextually Sensitive

B. Be Culturally Aware

C. Balance Truth and Grace

  • Gain insights into effective preaching principles, covering history, essential components, styles, and techniques, and learn how to prepare and deliver impactful sermons.
  • Gain valuable insights on sermon construction, learn techniques for effective preaching, and understand the importance of continuous improvement for delivering impactful messages.
  • Through this lesson, you gain valuable insights into the process of text selection and interpretation for preaching, as well as learning practical techniques for delivering engaging and relevant sermons.
  • In this lesson, you gain insight into the process of creating a sermon, from text selection to delivery, emphasizing textual analysis and message relevance.
  • Through this lesson, you gain the skills to craft clear, engaging, and memorable sermons by mastering the principles of effective outlining and arrangement in preaching.
  • Through this lesson, you learn to craft effective propositions and main points, enhancing your preaching clarity and impact.
  • By exploring homiletical outlines, you'll learn to effectively develop and structure sermons, understand various outline types, and apply engaging presentation techniques for impactful preaching.
  • In this lesson, you gain insights into crafting engaging introductions for sermons, exploring their importance, characteristics, types, and the process of creating a compelling introduction that effectively connects to the message.
  • Through this lesson, you learn the importance of exposition in preaching, how to develop an expository sermon, and the role of the preacher for effective communication.
  • This lesson teaches you to create captivating sermon introductions using anecdotes, questions, and facts, guiding you through research, structuring, and presentation to maximize audience engagement and improve your overall sermon impact.
  • In order to understand the basic subdivisions of your sermon in expository development, it is important to it is helpful to see what the specific members of your sermon's body looks like in standard development.

  • By completing this lesson, you learn to effectively prepare and deliver sermons while focusing on personal growth, continuous improvement, and dependence on God.
  • Learn to effectively classify and develop sermons into topical, textual, and expository types, enhancing your preaching skills and audience connection.
  • In this lesson, you learn the significance of explanation in preaching and strategies to craft and deliver effective explanatory sermons while evaluating their effectiveness for continuous improvement.
  • By incorporating illustrations into your preaching, you engage listeners, clarify complex ideas, and enhance memory retention while learning effective guidelines to utilize various types of illustrations.
  • Explore this lesson to learn how to effectively use illustrations in sermons by isolating events or experiences, refining principles, and connecting with your audience through human interest accounts.
  • Through this lesson, you learn to effectively use illustrations in preaching to engage listeners, clarify concepts, and draw from various sources, while maintaining relevance, variety, and ethical considerations.
  • Gain insight into the importance of application in preaching, as well as principles and methods for effective application, to create impactful and relevant sermons that resonate with your audience.
  • Through this lesson, you learn to effectively apply biblical teachings to modern life, considering various approaches, overcoming challenges, and utilizing practical tips for context-sensitive and culturally aware application.
  • Through this lesson, you gain insights into crafting effective transitions in preaching and utilizing the dialogical method for increased audience engagement and message clarity.
  • Gain insight into various sermon presentation methods, their advantages and disadvantages, and learn to choose the right method and improve your preaching skills.
  • Through this lesson, you enhance your preaching skills by mastering vocal techniques and purposeful gestures, ensuring a connection with the audience while continually improving your delivery.
  • Learn the significance of dress and style in preaching and how to balance authenticity, appropriateness, and clarity to effectively communicate your message to your audience.
  • You learn to effectively repurpose old sermons, gaining insight into updating them for relevance, enhancing delivery, and managing time efficiently.
  • By studying this lesson, you gain insight into the crucial connection between the Word and Spirit in preaching and learn to balance them for effective and authentic sermons.
  • Through this lesson, you learn how to apply a Christ-centered, redemptive-historical approach to preaching, addressing common criticisms and enhancing your sermons.
  • Through this lesson, you learn to compose powerful redemptive messages that highlight Christ's work and connect biblical themes to modern audiences.
  • Through this lesson, you gain an understanding of redemptive principles in preaching, learning to identify them in Scripture and effectively apply them to your sermons while navigating potential challenges.
  • By exploring the importance of genre in biblical interpretation and applying redemptive interpretation to various biblical genres, you will gain knowledge and insight into the historical and literary context, redemptive themes and patterns, and contemporary application of different types of genres in the Bible.


Dr. Bryan Chapell explores the unifying principle of grace that binds all Scripture together. He outlines and demonstrates the principles and practice of sermon-crafting and delivery to illuminate the message of grace in each passage, and to submit it to God's Spirit for the transformation of lives through preaching.

Dr. Chapell is making these recorded lectures available for you to access at no charge on BiblicalTraining.org. However, there is no personal interaction with Dr. Chapell in this format. The assignments and activities described are for classes that he teaches in person. We left the descriptions in for your benefit, but we do not offer personal or group interaction to participate in these activities. You can, however, sign up for his new preaching classes at BryanChapell.com/courses.

Dr. Chapell is helped in this course by Zachary W. Eswine, Assistant Professor of Homiletics and Director of the Doctor of Ministry Program (BSW, Ball State University; MDiv, Covenant Theological Seminary; PhD, Regent University). Dr. Eswine served as senior pastor of Grace Church of the Western Reserve in Hudson, Ohio, for six years before joining Covenant Seminary's faculty in 2001. He has served as a campus minister with the Navigators, as a church youth director, and as a chaplain-evangelist in retirement facilities. Since arriving at the Seminary, Dr. Eswine has also served as interim pastor for Tates Creek Presbyterian Church in Lexington, Kentucky, as advisory pastor for the Chinese Gospel Church of St. Louis, and as interim pastor for Cornerstone Evangelical Free Church in St. Louis. He has taught New Testament in Ukraine and served as a short-term missionary in the Caribbean. Dr. Eswine is a gifted preacher and has authored the book Kindled Fire: How the Methods of C. H. Spurgeon Can Help Your Preaching and numerous articles on homiletics. In addition, as an accomplished musician and songwriter, he has recorded three collections of original songs.

Philosophy and Goals of the Course

1. "Prep and Del" is an introduction to the basics of sermon construction and delivery. This is not primarily a course on the theology of preaching, but rather is a practical introduction to the tools, structures, and concepts that help preachers learn to put a sermon together. 

2. Because this course is introductory, certain standards of sermon construction are taught that I hope you will consider "foundational" rather than universal. There is not only one "right way" to preach. However, mastering the methods of this course will help you develop the tools needed for many kinds of future sermons. Students from many backgrounds and preaching traditions have found these tools helpful even as they prepare for other styles in the future. Other methods and styles will be taught and encouraged in future semesters.

3. In Dr. Chapell's seminary class, you would be asked to present some short oral assignments to the class in order to: a) begin integrating the information presented in lectures; b) begin honing your preaching skills; c) and, remove some of the intimidation of your first preaching experience next semester.

(At this time, we do not provide personal interaction to evaluate your progress. We included the suggested assignments and activities to give you direction as you apply the principles you are learning to your own sermon preparation and delivery.)

Recommended Books

Christ-Centered Preaching (text only) 2nd(Second) edition by B. Chapell

Christ-Centered Preaching (text only) 2nd(Second) edition by B. Chapell

Christ-Centered Preaching: Redeeming the Expository Sermon [Hardcover]Bryan Chapell (Author)

Christ-Centered Preaching (text only) 2nd(Second) edition by B. Chapell
Christ-Centered Sermons: Models of Redemptive Preaching

Christ-Centered Sermons: Models of Redemptive Preaching

Highly regarded preacher and teacher Bryan Chapell shows readers how he has prepared expository sermons according to the principles he developed in his bestselling...

Christ-Centered Sermons: Models of Redemptive Preaching

Dr. Bryan Chapell
Application (Part 2/2)
Lesson Transcript

[00:00:00] This recording is provided courtesy of Covenant Theological Seminary. Of questions that came at the end of class last time that I thought were very apt questions. Any of you guys that came up afterwards and I said, please remember to ask John, was that usual? Was that one? What did you ask? Yes, particularly. So you're not just redundant. Right. So remember, application consistent is where you would have. The anchor clause being the application. So we should praise God because he's sovereign. Then we should praise God because he's. Those are all things we should pray God because praise God, because He controls all things. So we should praise God stays the same. So isn't your application going to just be very redundant in the main points? Basic question. Is that right? Okay. The answer is is this. And it will help us just to see again how our construction of application looks. What's going to happen is your anchor clause will stay the same. And what you will be developing in the application is the reason for that particular application. We should praise God because he knows tomorrow. All right. So when you're developing the explanation of that particular main point, really the the magnet clause, he knows tomorrow is going to be not only what the explanation is about, it's actually going to be the reason for that particular main points application. Recognize it would be a different reason on the next application or in the next main point. We should praise God because he knows tomorrow we should praise God because He controls all things. So what's going to change is particularly situational specificity. You're going to say, here's another reason that we should praise God. He knows all things. But then you're going to say, what situations in life does that apply to? That may be the college student that doesn't know where he's going next year or something like that.

[00:02:01] So the situation will deal with with the reason for the application, whereas the person who's getting now next main point, we should praise God because he controls all things we should say, even when the medical exam does not give the results that I wanted. So God knows and controls what's going on. So I'll still praise him because I know he's still in control. So the praise concept has pretty much staying the same. But what's changed is the reason for that application and you apply it differently to new situations. I have a new reason and therefore there would be another situation in which to consider this kind of central application. So in an application consistent outline, what is really changing is not the core application but the reasons for it. And where you begin really to see the impact of that is when you say what situation would this now apply, this new reason, how does that make a difference in other situations, this new reason, how does that make a difference in other situations? Even if I'm still praising God, what's another reason to do it in this new situation? So here is where instructional specificity what the raindrops are about, right? The exposition of the sub points, the instructional specificity might seem very similar. We should praise God again. What is going to change hugely is the situational specificity, because you say, here's another situation that's affected by this new reason that I told you about. So that's a very astute question, by the way. It means. Application. Consistent outlines are typically about whys. Why to do something, Why else to do something while so it's the reason and motivation is typically what application consistent outlines are about. Whereas principal consistent outlines are typically other things to do.

[00:03:59] They are very much more instructions instead of more reasons just by their nature, because it is the applications that's changing in principle, consistent outline line and the principle staying the same. But that's a very good question. Good question. It does remind me of something that because we were moving quickly, I didn't say so much the last time. It is these two notes at the bottom of the of the outline that send you or the diagram that's in your notes. Instructional specificity comes from the texts exposition. All right. I just think about that for a second. If I'm saying here is the instruction and the instruction is in the terms of my sub points. So what I'm going to explain, that's what I'm going to apply. The instructions are coming out of the sub points. That language, that terminology is coming down, which means instructional specificity is supplied by the text. Okay, Instructional specificity is coming out of the tax code. And here's what this tax means. These instructions come out of the text. I'm using the words and the concepts of the text. So instructional specificity comes out of the text. Where does situational specificity come from? It comes out of our experience now, might it reflect something in the text? Might the people of Israel have been going through something similar to the situations we're facing? People of Israel? Ever wonder what tomorrow holds? Sure. So the situation specific might very well come out of the text too. But it may be now that I know the instruction, it's actually my not just executing the text, but executing the congregation. My experience with the congregation may be often supplying the situational specificity now that you know this truth. Where in your life does it apply? Remember the the silly little thing You go in through that what door to find situational specificity, go in through the house door.

[00:06:03] Who needs it? Now that I know this truth and I know my congregation, who needs to hear this? It's, you know, just that standard pattern. You read it over and over again in homologs textbooks of the pastor who, if not actually in his mind, while preparing the sermon, sits at the table with the people in the congregation saying, If I were talking to you, what difference would this make in your life? It's moving it from that academic lecture to a sermon. What difference would it make in your life? Now, why is it situational specificity and not personal specificity? I go in through the house door. Who needs to hear this? What do I now describe in the sermon? The person's. Know their situations. What situations are they facing? But I get to that place by saying, Who needs to hear this? It really just is that difference between the preacher who is saying abstract, interesting things and the people saying a theme of the sermon. How did you know what I was going through? Did you read my mail? What? How could you be so sure? And the reason is because it's not just preaching, it's pastoring at the same moment. How can I help with what you're facing? My key thought, and it's not in your notes, but it's something you'll hear me repeat over and over again is the most apt application comes when you take truth to struggle. Take truth to struggle. Our tendency when we start preaching is to identify truths in the text and then start creating lists of behaviors. So you should do this and should not do this. You should do this and not do this. Go buy this book. Witness to your neighbor, you know, and we create these lists of things to do.

[00:07:45] Which, by the way, before you preach the sermon, even you hadn't thought of the list. Okay. So we just create this new I've got to do application. So I got to come up with a list of things for people to do instead of going in through the door and saying, What are people struggling with? How can I help them today? How can I be a shepherd to God's people? What are they struggling with? And I take the truth to the struggle, and it will create a passion in you for preaching that I'm not. I remember when I was a senior in college and I told my very best friend who was a Jewish man, that I was going to go to seminary, and he said, Why would you do that? You don't like telling people what to do. What is his mind, what a preacher was about, just telling people things to do. But in my mind, what preaching was about was helping people. Well, I don't want you to lose that ethic. I think probably that's why most of you are here. You have the sense that I can help people. The word of God has something to help them. And what application can be about is saying, I've got truth now where people struggling that I can help them and not just put more burdens of behavior on them. Here's something else. Here's something else for you. Here's something else for you to do. Rather, What are you struggling with and what does the Word of God say that will actually help? So truth to struggle turns you from a lecturer to a pastor. And it gives you a how do I say this not only a passion for your preaching, a joy in it that you say, I really love doing this.

[00:09:12] I can really see how this helps people and isn't just burdening them. Let's pray together. Heavenly Father, we ask for your blessing on this day. Even what we've talked about here a little bit that we are under shepherds would be made more effective pastors for your people. Even by the way that we are taught to preach that we would think how we sit in the pews. So longing for the preacher to say something that will enable us to better face the struggles, the hurts, the difficulties that we are dealing with in our lives. We would want to do it ourselves in accordance with the Word of God and Father. If we are able to help people face their struggles to be helped and healed by your word, then that is the great privilege and pleasure of our lives. Give us just a taste of it. Even as we talk about some of these technical aspects of application. Help us to sense what a difference your word can make and how we can help through it. We ask your aid and blessing. In Jesus name, Amen. As. As we think about the importance of application, we're at that point in your lecture, which is talking about what makes application difficult and maybe a way to think about this is one of the more revealing surveys that was done about a decade ago. Now. It was known as the Murdoch report. The Murdoch report was a very refined survey of Christian leaders in the Pacific Northwest. Now, these were leaders who were. Teachers or supporters of major evangelical colleges and seminaries in the Pacific Northwest, 800 of them. And what was very interesting was to look at. Obviously, these are very informed people, right? They are either those who work in or supporters of major evangelical institutions.

[00:11:10] So this is a very informed segment of the population we're looking at. What was interesting is when the businessmen were surveyed and they were asked the question, do you know how the Bible applies to your ordinary business life? 90% said no. 90% of these very informed, highly involved Christian leaders said they did not know how the Bible applied to their ordinary business life. Now, I want you to think of your position as a preacher talking to such people, and you want to say now, well, I want you to do this week is I want you to go and change your business practice in such a way that no longer are people taking advantage of, In fact, what you should do in your business practices. You should be willing to sacrifice, profit the bottom line for the good of the people that work for you and the good of the people to whom you sell your product. I want you to go and change what you're doing, and I want you to do all that this week. What am I going to run into now? Mark. Your anger. Very good. I will. Now that I say anything unbiblical, you should put people ahead of profit. You should operate with integrity. But why will I run into anger? The idea is to make money because the idea is to make money. So people are saying you don't what? You don't understand what I got to accomplish. In fact, if I don't make money, I can't employ the rest of the people. Okay, so you don't understand what I'm going through. So I'm angry at you now. What do I think about the credibility of your message? It's irrelevant. What do I think about you? You are uninformed.

[00:12:58] Possibly arrogant. Inexperienced, arrogant, naive, don't understand my world. And all you thought you've done is said. But I just said what the Bible said. Michael, Other problems? No, I was thinking that you. Oh, you're getting to a strategy now. So you're saying he may be angry, but maybe that's good for him. Maybe he needs to feel the pressure of the gospel and think about change. But now maybe I have to take him to a point that he's going to feel that, but then he's got to start acting upon the truth. He may he may have to take the you may can only take it so far, and then he's got to apply it. He may have things to apply beyond the preacher's expertise. Well. Good, good. So concrete applications we recognize, have huge dangers in them. Remember, our our category of what people remember out of sermons. We said illustrations, then application. But what applications do they typically remember the most? The ones that they most strongly disagree with are the ones that challenge them. What other problems? When I begin to come into their lives and say, you have to change on my authority, which supposedly comes out of the Bible, but it doesn't seem like, you know my world. Ed One of the things I just have to address that a little bit because what was wrong with what you said, not that needed to. But they used a very, very bad example of how. Okay, so it wasn't. Thank you. So Ed is saying it wasn't just that he was being urged to change. But the example I used was very bad. It did not take full account of the situation and the variables that had to be considered. The fact that he should do more because you can do that.

[00:14:43] Okay. So the man, they know he needs to be more Christian. But the instruction the pastor may have given would have been a perhaps a bad example. And not taking into account the factors the businessmen must deal with, which is going back to how does the preacher then go beyond it and say, Murdock, report again? 90% of them don't know how what the preacher saying week to week applies to the situation. So now we have a problem there, Nick. Well, you say people always like to hear what people are doing wrong with that. And so to start out by saying people need to treat you ethically and they need to treat you as more important than you know. Okay. Now it's an indirect. Sometimes we will get people to see the importance of application by saying, how would you want to be treated before you turn it to say, how should you treat others, which of course was Jesus strategy. Right. When he would say treat others as you yourself would be treated. The Golden rule. Let's talk at all. We've recognized this point is application committee and we've talked about principles here, but we know application can be very difficult, Christine. So there may be all kinds of false assumptions on the part of the preacher that he may be suggesting without even recognizing it. And that could be a problem, too. Well, what we've begun to recognize is application is full of landmines. Now, we were going to say, why would preachers just assume not go there? You know, just assume not go there, because it's very, very dangerous. So just under what makes application difficult, number one, what makes application difficult? The thought required to be specific. The thought required to be specific.

[00:16:30] We've already said explanation is provided to you by the text, but application comes out of the preacher's experience with the people. The Westminster divines put it this way one applies out of his residence and conversation with the people. I love that you're residence and conversation with your people. It's living among them and conversing with them. That is the source of application. Now, it doesn't mean it's the source of the instruction, but what makes it real to people is your really knowing them. What is your residence and conversation with? You know, what people really appreciate? I think young pastors sometimes don't recognize this. If you visit people in their workplaces, they are amazed that you care, that you care enough to come into their world and actually find out what you think. I'm going to I'm going to bother them. You know, I'm out of place here and it can be at times you'd be out of place, but you pick your moments and people love to stay. My pastor actually is going to try to find out what I deal with and come into my world. But we recognize the difficulty of the thought required to be specific. And now, you know, the other reason be what makes application difficult. The courage required to be specific. We know that if we get it wrong. Rejection is a very real and present danger. And so the tendency is just to stay in abstraction. Just give principles. It's not dangerous. JAY Daniel Baumann with some I'm going to read that I hope you'll disagree with, but listen to his solution. Jay Daniel Bauman, in his book on preaching, says this. What is it that causes sermons to be ineffective? One result of recent studies was that sermons that contained applications to the daily lives of the congregation.

[00:18:18] Were the sermons that were unanimously rejected by the by the congregation. I hear that application to daily lives results in rejection, widespread rejection, the frequency of rejection and the intensity of rejection exactly paralleled the amount of daily application. I would suggest that individuals are becoming more and more reluctant to accept applications, religious or otherwise. That kind of prescription implies that one is in a position to tell others what they should do. Therefore, what is Batman advise not doing? Don't do application as though you're in a position to tell other people what to do. Are you in a position to tell other people what to do? Well, it depends on what you're saying, right? Are you speaking with the authority of what? You don't have any authority, but the Word of God does. And now we have to say, did you prove that the principles and instructions you are giving are in the text? Begin now to feel the weight of term a logical and conceptual consistency. Have I said this is what the Bible says so that when I begin to do application, I am using the terms that I proved were in the text because if they are not there, my authority bases are a long way away. So one of the reasons that I will do that sort of summarizing and consistency is just to make sure that people are able to overcome what we call the breaking point. The breaking point in somewhat silly terms is just this in exposition. When I'm going through the explanation of the sermon and I'm saying now this is what the Bible says, everybody can nod and say, Well, you know, that's very interesting. Now, here's an interesting story, the illustration. Everybody's nodding. And now I say, and as a consequence of that, you must change.

[00:20:21] Fact, this was the goal of the sermon not just to inform you, but to transform you. Now you must change. It is that typical transition in a classical, traditional sermon from illustration to application. That transition is typically the breaking point where people in silly terms say he stopped preaching and gone to Medellin. But in real terms, say this is the place of rejection. He was easy to say and to hear everything to this point. But now you begin to say with the authority of the word of God, I must call you to repentance. Or correction or reproof. Or encouragement, but ultimately to change. And this is the place that it gets dangerous. And we know that there is very real possibility of rejection. So how do we overcome the breaking point? I've already given you my best advice before I give you all of these things. I think I've already given you my best advice. It is this phrase Take truth to struggle. I mean, if that is your overall goal, I'm taking truth to struggle than it is even your good intent. That means so much to people. I am seeking to help and that will override in some ways some of the errors that you may have. But we recognize of its truth to struggle. It will avoid both lists and legalisms and will truly make you a pastor. Now, what do we do as we take truth to struggle? How can we overcome the breaking point? I may offer a conclusive argument. Offer conclusive argument. The reason that you must do this is I have shown conclusively it is what the Bible says. Is it okay to cheat people in order to make profit? I can show you conclusively in the Scripture that you cannot do that if that's what you're doing.

[00:22:17] I show you the absolute argument that says what you are doing is wrong. Now you can often do this, right? The Bible says thou shalt not steal. So if you are operating without integrity or make money, I'll say, you can't do that. The Bible says you shall not steal. Now we have a problem, though. The old rubric is a man convinced against his will is of the same opinion still. So I may say, okay, you convinced me that what I'm doing is wrong. Now. I still have a problem, though, right? Those of you in pastoral training, you basically know what's right and wrong to do. Do you ever sin? Sure. The knowledge of what is wrong is not the final word, is it, in terms of being able actually to see transformation in people's lives? So while we say it is our pastoral and exegetical obligation to say this is what the text says and it has implications on your practice, it is not the last thing to do. So we offer conclusive argument that is not the end. Another thing that we might do, item V is use illustration to disarm hostility. Use illustration to disarm hostility. Who in the Bible did this? Who in the Bible would occasionally say, I'm going to speak on a difficult subject, so I'll tell a story about it first. Nathan is one. What did Nathan develop? Remember? Indeed, David. Okay. There was a man who had a very sweet sheep that he really loved. Right. And somebody else who was richer and more powerful took it away. David wanted what he wanted. He wanted judgment upon that person. Nathan says What? You're the man. This is what you have done in taking another man's wife. It was a way to get people to agree to the principles through a story before applying to the press.

[00:24:23] Before applying the story. You hear that? To get people to agree to the principles through a story before actually doing the application. I was with a group of pastors last night who have done some surveys in Christian colleges. Now, they are not talking about only Christian kids. But recent surveys simply to ask Christian young people how many of the friends that you have of college age are sleeping with people, not their wife. The answer was 90% that the college, even if people did not feel that they were involved in promiscuity, their impression of their friends was that 90% were sleeping around. Now, if you say that that is 90% sleeping around, if you're a young person pastor in a church today and the first words out of your mouth are you shouldn't sleep around. What did 90% of the people maybe just do? You just heard the channel. Then you took. How might you deal with that? Tell me what will happen to young people who sleep around percentage wise in terms of their future marriages? What do we know statistically? We know the incidents of those who live together prior to marriage. The incidence of divorce among those who lived together prior to marriage is roughly triple those who do not. What's the We'll just try it out for a while and then we'll get married. Sounds reasonable. What if I said, you know, isn't it strange today that what sounds so reasonable doesn't seem to work out? Those people who experiment with marriage before they get married actually end up getting divorced at three times the rate of those who don't. You know, the Bible addresses this and has some instruction for us that might be helpful if you're struggling with what is right for you.

[00:26:23] Let's see what the Bible says, because it's trying to help us with what we recognize are relationships coming undone. Now tell me the difference in tonality here. One is taking a statistical something's wrong here. We all recognize it and going at it through the account of what's happening in society versus first. The principle This is wrong. Just don't do it. It's actually trying to help. Now, I'm not saying that's the only way. It's a strategy and it's a strategy that says I may sell an illustration, present a statistic, something else to present the principle first so that people agree to the principle before then proving it is in the Bible. See another thing that helps overcome the breaking point. Making sensible proposals. Making sensible proposals. Now, that's just a way of saying I would typically void three categories of things that are not commonsensical. Why are they not sensible proposals when I call? So under see here I've got like three categories. Pie in the sky. Principles. Pie in the sky. It's just almost a silly abstraction. And because God calls you to love your neighbor. What I want you to do is I want you to go over to your neighbor this week, and I want you to smile at him for at least 5 minutes. I want him to see the love of Jesus in you. You go and smile in front of him. I'll get real. You know this pie in the sky notion of just smile more every day. Just love your neighbor like you never did before, you know? You could actually say there's a biblical principle behind some of that, but there's really a certain pie in the sky naivete that isn't going to help kind of the opposite or what I call high hurdles that you tell people to do something that does not realize what their lives are really like.

[00:28:17] Now, you know, if you're really going to be able to study the Bible with me in these next few sermons I'm going through, I want you to show up on Tuesday nights and we're going have a great class together. And when we have this great class, you really understand the passage. Maybe a good idea, but how many are going to show up for the great class? High hurdles. Naive expectations. Naive expectations. I think the classic of this is the pastor who stands in the pulpit says, Go buy this book. This book was really helpful to me and I think you should go buy this book. Now, tell me what percentage of the people will remember the name of the book by the end of the sermon. Now what people remember the name of the book are going to get in the car during the week, go down to the local Christian bookstore, put their money on the counter and take it home and read it. 2%, 1% fewer. So now, if you really want people to read the book, what did you better do? You better provide free samples in the year as people leave, you know, or something like that. If you really think that will make a difference or excerpts or something, I mean, you have to deal with where people really are or the businessman that you're saying change your business practice. Wow. What does that mean? How could you actually begin to help somebody who you think may be dealing with business practices that may be unethical or unbiblical, but is whole business his livelihood, his family's livelihood, the livelihood of the people who work for him, his pension, his kids, college education, all depend on his business practice. If you're going to have somebody change what had you better in addition just to say change, what other things might you suggest within the course of the sermon? People are really struggling with this.

[00:30:12] I recognize I might not have faced all the things that you're facing. Would you come talk to me? Let's talk it through. Let's think about what you've got to think through. I may not have faced all the issues that you have. So I am even confessing my naivete. Is there someone here who can help you? Let me put you in contact with some businessmen who are facing facing similar things. So it is not failing to help people. It is giving them the help that they need. Now, this is serious thinking as a pastor. I can try to live in your life and think where if I were in your position, would I need help? So I give you principles, but I'm doing an application that takes into account what you must deal with. So making sensible proposals is fit the tone to the task, the fit the tone to the task. Old preacher ism accusations harden the will. Accusations harden the will. Questions prick the conscience. If all we're doing is we're standing up in the pulpit and doing the rant. I'm ranting at people for not being as good as they ought to be. Young people for promiscuity, businessmen for lack of compassion wise, for not properly caring for their children. If all of it is the weekly rant, what if you just watch? This is a sadness. I preach in lots of different churches, and sadly, I can even tell when I get up in the pulpit. If people are accustomed to being beaten with the word or helped by it. People accustomed to being beaten with the word almost immediately glaze over and drop their heads when I stop talking and start talking. They maybe want to stop talking, too. But when I start talking, the they are accustomed to being hurt by the preaching.

[00:32:08] People who are accustomed to being helped by the preaching look up expectantly. I need this. No, it doesn't mean that they are unwilling to be pricked in the conscience. In fact, one of the mistakes I think that young preachers make is thinking people don't want to be challenged. Those in whom the spirit is alive do want to be challenged. They actually want to know how to change. Now they know it's hard and they know it's a struggle. But those are whom the spirit is working. Want to love Jesus. And they want their lives to glorify him. And they actually want to be challenged. Now they want to be credible and compassionate. They want it to be with the authority of scripture. They want sort of things that they can actually hang their head on and do. That's realistic. But as you say, the people of God, do they want to be challenged? They actually do. So if I am, I can say the hardest things. I can say the hardest things to people if they believe that I am concerned about their good. Watch pastors when they really love their congregations and they say, I know this will hurt, but you have to change and watch the smile as they say the hardest things, saying, I love you still, but this will hurt you and hurt us if change doesn't occur versus the rant. Just going after people with the authority of the word of God, which ultimately, by the way, destroys ministries rather than helps them. So fit the tone to the task. Think of some of these possibilities. Now you know, the word of God says he's already with the Lord. Therefore, I don't want you to grieve without hope. It's going to help.

[00:33:59] Are the words true? The words are true, but the tone doesn't fit the task. To help people who are grieving, the Bible commands us to bring comfort. And it's not just comfort with the truth of the word. It is giving the word correctly, even in our tone. So does our tone fit our task? What does congregation need is more love for one another. But the opposite can happen to. You know, we Teasel about a little bit and we say now listen I, I know what you need to do and I'm going to speak to you with the authority Word of God, and you really should be. What am I doing? Backing up, apologizing upfront. There are times to say the gossip in this church is tearing us apart, and if it does not stop, the session is going to act on it or we will die. It's got to stop. All right. With courage, with force, with the authority of the Word of God. Say what has to be said. Now, maybe loving it is for love purposes, but sometimes it has to be forceful. Now, how do we know the difference? I've given you some verses that deal with the gentleness of pastoral conversation. Second, Timothy 224 through 26, The Man of God. What is very hard for seminary to apply. The man of God must not quarrel. Don't we just love debate about the most minor things at times and get very mad at one another for not holding to our particular position? The man of God must not quarrel. How must he deal with those who oppose him? He must gently instruct those who oppose him. That's very interesting. Second tendency for to correct, rebuke and encourage. With great patience and careful instruction.

[00:36:02] Now I know what it means to encourage with great patience and careful instruction. What does it mean to rebuke? I mean, you typically see a12 punch, you know, rebuke, but with great patience and careful instruction. Some sin can be changed in a conversation. And some sense changes over a generation. That's a very tough thing. I worked in a pastoral situation in which a large segment of the community and some of the leaders of my church were employed in publishing, and that particular publisher involved producing a large amount of pornography, and it had gone on for a generation and a half. I will tell you, it was the hardest period of my pastoral life to say, how do we deal with men in my church who are leaders in my church, who stand on the line when product when pornography is being produced? Their lives, their pensions, their families. And they certainly are willing to say whatever it is, not most of what we do. It just comes through on occasion. But what does the word of God say? And how would it apply to your situation and how can you lead God's people if this is what you put your hand to? And am I going to be fired when I talk about it? I actually did call my in-laws and my wife said, we may be coming to live with you. And because we thought we were very well going to lose our job. But when we found out what was going on, by the way, we had been lied to going into the situation. We had been told it wasn't happening. We had been told going in. Oh, no, no, no more. We'd only been there about six weeks and we found out it was still going on.

[00:37:48] What would you do? The Bible talks about the Good Shepherd versus the hireling. What does the hireling do when the wolf comes? He runs away. Hey, I don't need you with us. These are not my sheep. What does the Good Shepherd do? He gives his life for the sheep. How gently, how compassionately, how patiently do I have to deal with this? If I really care about you. The last one, you know, first Thessalonians 273 12. We could have been a burden to you. But we were gentle among you. As a mother nursing her baby. Now think of the converse. Think of the forceful versus. Titus 110 through 13 talkers and deceivers rebuke sharply. That's pretty straightforward. Talkers and deceivers rebuke sharply. Titus 215 Encourage. And rebuke well, authority in courage and rebuke with all authority. Now, tell me this. We've just kind of said, all right, over here, it's gentleness and patience. Over here, it's rebuke and show the wrath of God against all in godliness, which is the right thing to do. Okay, but how do you know which one? Keith What? I'm afraid it comes back to pastoral prudence. What is the goal? How can I, with the authority of the Word of God, preach and live in this community so as to see the transformation of the Word of God come Calvin in the in the 12th of the chapter, the 12th book, the 12th chapter, the second volume of the institute talks about what he was facing in French Switzerland, which was large scale drunkenness. He actually advised people not to undergo church discipline. He said We must pastorally deal with this because if we disciplined everyone, the churches would empty. We do have a right to discipline. Sure we do.

[00:40:11] But this is a longer term problem that will recall and that will cause us to deal with the heart over time so that we don't drive the people of God away from where there can be help. We are the help. We have to consider what needs to be done so they can continue to receive it. Fit the tone to the task. An important guideline that has many dimensions of pastoral understanding. E harder yet provide sufficient guidance. E provides sufficient guidance for adults to make their own decisions. Provide sufficient guidance for adults to make their own decisions. Nothing. So create spiritual babies as pastors who will make all the decisions for them. Hear that nothing so makes and maintain spiritual babies as pastors who will make all the decisions for the people. I will tell you there are not only pastors and not only churches. Sometimes there are entire movements in which the goal is to tell everybody what to think and do every moment of the day. And what you create is automatons who, apart from that instruction, do not have the ability to stand. Where do we must see this in our lives today? In our churches when young people go to college. That's where we must sit. People have been raised in Christian homes, then under Christian preaching, teaching, know all that. And they go to college and it is no holds barred. Often. That is because we have taught Christian young people everything they ought to do and had such controls upon them that they have never made their own decisions. Now, I will tell you, as a parent of teens, this is extremely hard to know what to do. Extremely hard to know what to do. When do I encourage you to gain the strength to stand and step back so that you will stand on your own feet? Do we ever see this in the Bible? Do we ever see an apostle saying, I could tell you what to do? But you got to figure it out.

[00:42:31] Book of Philemon and what Paul says, I could command you to take an estimate back, but instead what you remember, I appeal to you on the basis of love. Receive him. He's a slave. Now, think of where this is. Isn't that society? Instead, I treat you to treat him as a brother. I could command you. But you're going to have to figure this one out. I encourage you. I urge you, but you deal with it. More telling is the letters between first and Second Corinthians. So by Second Corinthians, the second chapter, Paul will be saying, You know what? I would have come to you earlier what was going on in first Corinthians. Do remember what Paul is telling them to correct? What are some of the evil that's going on? A man is doing what living with? Living with his father's wife. So Paul Reiser said, You got to take care of this. You got to deal with this. By the second letter, he says, You know, I would have come to you earlier, but if I had come to you earlier, I would have had to be harsh. So I put it off. So you would take care of it. And that interesting. You got to grow up. Even some of the difficult. Now, what has he done? Has he given them the tools to handle the problem? Has he told them what is right and wrong? Michael, you getting back to your. Have I told you I've given you the principles to handle the situation? In fact, not only by giving you the principles. Now, listen, situational specificity. I even told you where the principles apply. There is a man living with his father's wife. Such evil is not even done among the pagans.

[00:44:15] So now you know the principles, you know, the situations to which it applied, but who does he leave to apply it? You got to apply it. Now sometimes. Are we always dealing with people? Sometimes we get to say, Here is the application. Sometimes you say, Here are the principles. Here's the situation. You're a business person. I don't know how to apply. You're going to have to apply. Again, pastor of a church. When I was pastoring, we had in our church a lot of educators, both of the administration and the teachers of the local school district. We had the the supervisor of the school, the principal of two of the local schools and many teachers in our church about every three years there was a what? A teachers. Strike. Now, what if the pastor comes in and tries to say, Now, here's what you should do? I'm afraid I don't have the expertise. I mean, I don't know. In the union contract, you know. Paragraph two of section three, sub item A, you know how they should vote? I don't know. But how can I talk to people? I can say, you know what? Those of you who are on the picket line, they're going to be some people who say some pretty ugly things to people that come and go. Now, I can't tell you whether it's right or wrong for you to go on. I can tell you how you have to address Christian brothers and sisters. I can tell you that. And you are not allowed to speak with hatred toward those who are your brothers and sisters in Christ. You can differ and the things you have to work through, but there are certain principles here that you must still follow. Now, those of you who are in administration, are you being fair? Are you being just.

[00:45:57] Can call you to those principles, but you must apply it. Sometimes I have to say, here are the principles, but you must apply it. I actually don't know because it may be beyond my expertise. Some of the examples are giving you there in Scripture. F the big other. The big other them. Remember, these are all. How do you overcome the breaking point? How do you do application and actually help people without having them just switch off? The biggest one is this. Remember the difference between a good idea and a scriptural mandate? Remember the difference between a good idea and a scriptural mandate? The church typically goes to war. When the preacher has a good idea. And says it is a biblical mandate. It may be a very good idea. But if you say it is now a command, you have become the law of God and transgress Scripture. Beyond that, there's typically great trouble in the church. Let me give you some examples. You must regularly feed upon the Word of God so that it becomes a part of your life and existence. Command or good idea, you must regularly feed upon the Word of God. Command. You must have a 20 minute devotional every day. You must have a quiet time with somebody. Say, good idea. Good idea. Do you have people in your life who may have taught it as a mandate? And so when you didn't obey their mandate, who did you feel you had failed? Early in life, you may have felt you failed God. And then later in life, when you begin to practice that good idea as a mandate, what you're actually doing is you are bribing God with your prayer so he won't get mad at you. Instead of feeding upon the word.

[00:47:57] What you're doing is you're feeding God with your good behavior so that he'll honor you. When you take good ideas and you make them mandates, you don't just create legalism, you make God and Satan exchange places. That's one of the reasons the church goes to war. It's fighting on foreign ground. When we begin to turn good ideas in a script for mandates, Here's another. Do not mention past sexual sin in a sermon. Good idea or mandate. It's just an idea. I cannot make it. I can't point to a verse in Scripture that says that to any scriptures themselves, point to leaders of God's people dealing with dealing with sexual sin. Sure. Sure. So it's dealing with our culture. I may have all kinds of cautions and warnings, but I can't make it a scriptural command. It is a good idea to weigh, but ultimately you must weigh it. How about this, though? You must consider the effects of your words and examples on the culture to which you speak. Good idea or mandate. Mandate. You are required by the Word of God to consider those more highly than yourselves To whom you minister. You are required to consider the culture in which you exist and not just say it pleases or doesn't please me. Actually makes it even harder. You should raise your children in the nurture and admonition of the Lord. Good idea or command. Command. You should send your children to Christian schools. So we may even divide on that one. Here's here's where I went through. Now, again, most of my pastoral experience was through the 1980s, and there were different movements that's coming along. When I first began to minister, the Christian schooling movement was really coming on board strong in the part of the country that I was in.

[00:49:59] And we would have people, sadly, I mean, they meant well, but sadly, who would stand up in the church and say, If you leave your children in the public schools, you are giving them to the devil, you are simply cooperating with Satan if you don't put your children in Christian schools. Boy, that was a great way to have congregational meetings, I'm telling you. I mean, you know, it was not calm waters, but what people did not were not prepared for is the next movement that came along toward the end of the 1980s. It was not Christian schooling. What was the next movement that came along? It was home schooling. And we had the very people who thought they had the holy high ground, which was which was Christian schooling, who now we're told, you mean you would put your children with other children to socialize? Don't you know that the Christian family is the place that education is to occur? Are you willing to break? Don't you remember? It is the fathers and the mothers who are given the charge to obey, to teach their children the nurture and admonition of the Lord. And suddenly those who thought that they were, as I said, on the high ground, found that there was higher ground. And then through the mid 1990s, another movement comes along for schooling. Now what comes after the homeschool movement? The classical school movement. You mean you are willing to use a curriculum that's produced by John Bob Jones University or other people who are unreformed, who are following the Enlightenment categories that don't really recognize that the version that the that that the Trivium excuse me, the Trivium is the basis of all education even has its roots in Scripture. Don't you recognize that we have to socialize our children together according to a classical model that God himself has endorsed? Even Paul knew the Trivium, and you won't follow it.

[00:51:50] And the movement goes on now. Command or not, you must raise your children the nurture and admonition of the Lord. Command. But there may be various ways to apply that. And when we begin to execute culture as parents, as pastors, we maybe say there are enough huge problems that we have to find alternatives. But to make an alternative, a command, rather than let me woo you to the to the goodness to the wisdom of what I'm advocating here, let me tell you why in our culture, be good for you and your kids is very different than saying I now with the authority of the word of God, can tell you you must. When you move it to command status, the church will go to war and divide. And actually it should, because what we've actually done is we've created a new law and made man the law giver. Last hard won. This is on command and mandate. Okay, last hard one. You must never go to an R-rated movie. Commander. Good idea. You might even say good idea. I know. You may not partake of anything that causes lust in your heart. How many in our culture are recognizing that command? Can you as a preacher, preach it? It is very hard. Because we have a culture. Calvin Syme. What was the problem? You have a culture that was caught up in alcohol addiction. We now speak in a culture caught up in sexual addiction at various levels. And even we find it hard to remove ourselves from the addictions or to confront other people with it. Now we have to be very careful. We can be so struggling ourselves with the addiction that we began to speak in terms where we move. Good suggestion to command.

[00:53:58] At which point we destroy our credibility and become new law givers. But we can be so concerned about the legalism that we then do not say what the Word of God says. For fear of offending people. And having to change ourselves. And that becomes the great misery and joy of preaching to recognize that what application is about is saying to myself as well as others, How does the Word of God apply to me? Because ultimately, you see, what keeps us from being willing to apply the word to others is the fear of applying it to ourselves. What does the Word of God require? Now, I've looked at it, I've studied it. I've read it. The thing that can keep me safe from having to change is keep putting up in the principal world. This is a principle. This is a principle. Instead of saying, How does the principle apply in my life? And once I begin to have the courage to apply it to my life, I begin to understand more and more how I have to speak to others for their good, as well as the means by which I can do that. We pay them for what we pray a lot for spiritual guidance and pastoral prudence. I must tell you that application I know of no preacher who says it, in fact, that those of you who are here for the preaching lectures, how even the Westminster divines talked about application. They said the preacher must not rest in general doctrine. But how much it may pain him must move to application. It's interesting they recognize that application could be such a pain. But said it is not enough for the preacher to rest in general doctrine. He must move to the pain of application because his goal is transformation.

[00:55:52] How can I help you? How can we deal with this hurt in your life? With what the Word of God says. Yes. First you got. Incidence of divorce divorces at three times the beginning of yesterday. Oh, promiscuity. You know, people who live together before marriage. Divorce is three times more likely. Who is that? The school that. Mm. Well, that's interesting. That's a good question. I think whenever you use statistics, cultural statistics like that, you at least and I didn't do it today because it wasn't my purpose, but it is important to say where they came from and because those will be, you know, particularly, you know, if I said a church setting, everybody would kind of go, Yeah, that's interesting. That's what we know already. It's when you're in a secular setting that you really need the foundation for those stats, for those statistics. So I think if if I were using those kind of statistics in a in a secular setting, I would I would definitely probably cite source pretty particularly it's back to that that we mentioned. When we use illustrations, we typically do not cite source citation in a sermon. It's not a research paper. Unless we need it for the authority of it. And I would say to you, for the secular situation, you would definitely need the authority of the of the source of that. That's actually pretty widely circulated among evangelicals. So I'll be interested to find out what I don't even know the counter to that. I've not heard it that that was just kind of generally accepted. So that would be that would be interesting to see. Let me let me go on here. Since we've recognized the ways that we overcome the breaking point are important for doing application.

[00:57:45] Some some final major cautions for applications. What are some cautions for application? The main one is this applications without authority. We recognize that applications without authority are very dangerous, in fact, damaging to the sermon and to the pastor applications without authority. When we say they have to have authority, basically, what are we saying? I can show you. It's where. In the text. This is where that application is. In the text, the principal at least is here. So being able to show that it's in the text now, granted, we are doing expository traditional classical expository sermons this semester and next semester and we are saying main points and sub points from the text. But now you begin to see it's not really the issue, Right? It's not the technical aspect of where this expository. What we're saying is, do I have the authority for the application I'm now going to do that becomes the essential issue. Do I have authority for what I'm now telling you? And now how do I make sure I'm showing you that I can do this with authority? What are my tools to make sure you see that there is authority for what I'm saying? How do I do that? Aaron, Say it again. It's expositional, right? That is right. The concepts and terms that I developed in the one I said, this is what this text says. This is what this text means. And I use concepts and terms in the explanation. Are they reappearing in the application? That is the way that I maintain my authority and show it's not just me. This is what the Texas, by way. It will also quickly raise flags in your own mind when you're beginning to transgress the line from a biblical mandate.

[00:59:33] And a good suggestion if you can't say this is where it says that. Now, some ideas here. Is it wrong to give suggestions for a mandate in a sermon? Not at all. It can be a very good idea. What is one way that you can regularly feed upon the Word of God? What is a discipline, a daily discipline that might enable you to feed upon the Word of God regularly? A quiet time. A devotional. Have Christians done that throughout the centuries? Sure they have. They recognize the power of a disciplined devotional period in their daily lives. Now, I can very much encourage you to feed upon the Word of God the command by a good suggestion. I just make sure you know the difference between the suggestion and here's a suggestion how you might carry this out. But when I say the suggestion is the command, that's the problem. So preacher is actually helping at times to say, knowing what you're struggling with, knowing what you're doing. Here are some suggestions. The suggestion may not come with the same authority as the command. In fact, it may come out of the preacher's experience. This is what the Word of God is requiring the section. Now, listen, some of us know that you can help feed upon the Word of God by having regular devotionals. And we may even point out people in the Bible who seem to have regular time with God like Daniel, and look at his regular time with God being practiced by an Old Testament man of God. Here we see Jesus frequently retreating to a quiet place that commune with God. So we see people following this suggestion, even though it would not be a command for daily use. Another caution, and we've mentioned this a couple of times already, applications beyond the minister's expertise, applications beyond the minister's expertise.

[01:01:20] Should you vote for the union contract or not? Well, maybe the preacher really doesn't have the expertise to answer that. Maybe at this point it's necessary to talk about principles. The final one here cautions applications unrelated to the FCF applications unrelated to the FCF. It's true. It's good. Even a good idea, perhaps. Is it what the sermon is about? Is this still dealing with the burden of the message that is high back when you look at your applications and say, Am I still dealing with what I said was the burden of this message or am I now on a rabbit trail somewhere else? I thought of this as I was preparing this, but I thought of this wonderful thing that you should do. Okay. Does it deal with the FCA? Sermons will come together and you will go deeper and deeper into people's lives. If you have a focus and you keep coming instead of shotgunning. Just go all over the place. Is the FCA related? Is the application related to the FCA proper attitudes for applications? You can surmise that it is, but I'll just say that quickly. Proper attitudes for application. Right between the eyes with love. When we get to preaching regularly to one another next semester, you'll find that one of the things I'll often say is, Now you said that we should honor one another in our marriages. What did you mean by that? Well, you know, what I meant was we shouldn't talk about each other behind our back to people who are neighbors. Well, why didn't you say that? Instead of something just general that was safe and didn't get you in trouble and didn't offend anybody. Say what you thought. Now you say, Well, that would offend people.

[01:03:15] It is your job to offend them with the Word of God. If you are doing it out of love. The very reason you stood up. The very reason you address people from the Word of God was you wanted to bring the transformation of the Word of God into their lives. If you back away from it now, you are not doing what needs to be done. So say exactly what you should say. Do it out of a heart of love, but say exactly what you should say. Now that you examine the word in the light of the people who are here. That requires a second attitude, which is strong, steady and forgiving. Strong, steady and forgiving. It's almost a cliché. That older preacher's move to abstraction. A younger preacher's move to anger. The older preacher who has preached and not seen people change, not seen fruit. He is like, every time I do, application just gets me in trouble. Can typically just move to abstraction. Abstraction, move to safety. Go and go to abstraction. The counter of that is young men in the pulpit, typically who are almost the stereotypical angry young man. You didn't do it. I told you to do it and you didn't do it. So do it. And we get angrier and angrier and angrier over time because people are not doing what we told them to do. You will not be able to preach long term if you cannot get up in the pulpit, speak strongly to the people, the word of God. Watch them, not obey. Forgive them. And speak again. If you really can't forgive them for their failing to honor you, you will burn out. Those who do study pastoral burnout will tell us it is not primarily a feature of fatigue.

[01:05:15] It is not primarily a feature of too much work is a lot of work. You will find out that the pastor it can be a place for lazy people to hide because I can just kind of, you know, go to my study and and find all kinds of reasons that I don't do things. But if you are a conscientious preacher, the work is never done. You are the 24 seven guy. Always, always, always on call work, never done, people to see sermons, to write counseling, to be done more than any person could do. Fatigue typically is not the cause of burnout, though. It is fatigue combined with anger. They are so unfair to me. They do not honor me. They do not do what I say. And anger ultimately becomes the corrosion in your own heart that drives you from the pulpit. Strong. Steady. And forgiving. All must be there for there to be pastoral consistency. Last thing in a proper attitude. Motivate with love for Christ. Motivate with love for Christ. What this means is we are typically trying to motivate people from acceptance, not for acceptance. Now, some of you have had this. You've been in those churches where there's actually a form of pastoral abuse. Which says, I will love you, you will have my approval if you do all the things that I say. The pastor who stands in as ambassador for Christ seems to be saying, therefore, that Christ loves you because of what you do instead of Christ loves you because of what He did. Our great motivation and application. Remember the four questions What to do, where to do, why and how is to motivate people? From acceptance, Not for it. God has done this for you. In Christ, you are closed in His righteousness.

[01:07:18] He has made away. He is interceding in your weakness. He is strong despite your sin. He is the one who provided his blood. People being motivated out of love for Christ from acceptance rather than straighten up. And then you'll be okay with God. If people are taught straighten up and then you'll be okay with God. When will they be okay with God? Never. They will never straighten up enough. The Westminster confession says because of the great disproportion here that the great disproportion between our best works and God's true holiness, not only do our good works not earn God's affection, they are actually deserving of his reproof in that an amazing thought. Our good works are actually deserving of his reproof. So if I tell people just do more good works, just give God some more filthy rags and he'll be happy with you. I created God who can never be satisfied, and I weaken the hearts of God's people, ultimately drive them to despair. Motivate out of love for God. His acceptance is what now drives their motivation for holiness rather than become holy. And then God will love you. They will never be that holy. What are some key hints for preparing application? A plan for specific people take on No one, plan for specific people. Pick on no one. Specificity basically comes because we are talking about their situations. Have I in preaching? It's why you can't be a great preach if you just sit in the study in that Westminster divines language. Are you in residence and conversation with your people? Are you among them so that you are now able to plan with specificity in your sermon? Not naming people, but certainly dealing with where their lives are? This means, of course, that we execute the people as well as the text.

[01:09:19] And mainly it means this. What are some key ins for preparing application? Remember all for questions of application. Just a little reminder here. What are the two questions that we are going to say have to be in every main point? What to do and where every main point will be looking for what to do and where the what comes out of the explanation. The where you're knowing people and what they're dealing with saying where does this apply? But within the body of the sermon, somewhere before you walk, they walk out the door. We want to know why and how. And that's going to be there in the text or its context as well. Why and how, in addition to what and where? Some final words on application. It's just this. You want to develop an early burden for a lasting passion. You want to develop an early burden for a lasting passion. When we're dealing with the nuts and bolts of preaching and putting together sermons like we're talking about in in this class of a traditional message. And we talk about things like the f, c, f should be in your introduction. And we began to look for these kind of artificial underline it. So I know it's there, you know, and you kind of, you know, right or wrong, you know, we we do all the things and these technical things and we're doing expositional rain. Am I using those terms down in my illustration application? Listen, ultimately, I don't care. I want to know if you care about God's people. Have you, even in the introduction, said, Here's something you're struggling with. I know it. God knows that he's here to help you. He provided his word for that. If you, from the very beginning, are preaching with a burden for God's people, you will love to preach, you will love it.

[01:11:19] You will say, I've got something to say that will really help people here today. And if I develop that early burden, then this kind of moves away from an academic exercise from just, you know, checking off the boxes. Have we done this traditional sermon? And I actually begin to feel that I'm doing something as the Good Shepherd would have me do. I'm helping people. And that's the joy of preaching. I mean, that is the profound joy of preaching. When I say, here's a burden that I can help with. When you preach that way. Now, application is not just this scary minefield. It is actually the great joy. I can talk about where people are hurting and I can help them. That's the lasting passion of preaching. When I say I've got a burden. Holy Spirit gave me something to say. I can help. When you preach that way, it will be your lasting passion and you will be a great help to God's people. See next time when we do have an assignment, do next time, and I'll collected them.