BibleProject - Old Testament - Lesson 32

Amos - BibleProject

In this lesson, you will gain insights into the book of Amos, a prophetic book in the Old Testament. The study focuses on the historical and cultural context in which Amos was written, as well as its authorship and purpose. You will learn about the literary features of the book, such as its style, language, and structure, and explore the key themes and messages, including justice and righteousness, the Day of the Lord, and God's sovereignty and judgment. By understanding the significance of Amos within the Old Testament and its impact on the original audience, you will gain a deeper appreciation for the book's relevance in today's world.

Taught by a Team
Taught by a Team
BibleProject - Old Testament
Lesson 32
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Amos - BibleProject

BP100-32: Amos

I. Background and Context of Amos

A. Historical and Cultural Context

B. Authorship and Purpose

II. Literary Features of Amos

A. Style and Language

B. Structure and Outline

III. Themes and Message of Amos

A. Justice and Righteousness

B. The Day of the Lord

C. God's Sovereignty and Judgment

IV. Significance of Amos in the Old Testament

A. Contributions to a Larger Understanding of the Old Testament

B. Impact on the Original Audience

  • By watching this video, you will gain a comprehensive understanding of the Old Testament, including its literary design and flow of thought. You will learn about the different sections of the Old Testament, including the Pentateuch, Historical Books, Wisdom Literature, Major Prophets, and Minor Prophets. You will also gain insights into the stories, themes, and messages of each of these sections and how they contribute to the overall narrative of God's relationship with humanity.
  • By studying Genesis, you will gain a deeper understanding of the Old Testament and its key themes and characters, as well as the literary features of the book, such as its structure, style, and genre. The creation story is a key part of the book, as are the stories of Abraham and the patriarchs, the fall and sin, the flood and Noah, and God's covenant with Israel. Additionally, Genesis introduces readers to the Old Testament and sets the stage for the Pentateuch and Books of Moses, while also introducing many themes and motifs that continue throughout the Bible.
  • Discover the captivating stories of the patriarchs in Genesis Part 2, exploring themes of covenant, God's sovereignty, human responsibility, faith, and obedience.
  • Explore the Bible's book of Exodus to gain insight into God's rescue of the Israelites from slavery in Egypt, the significance of the covenant and law, and its connection to the New Testament.
  • Gain insight into the book of Exodus and its themes of salvation and redemption, revealing God's character through his interactions with Israel, with significant influence on Jewish and Christian traditions and connections to the New Testament through its foreshadowing of Jesus Christ.
  • By studying Leviticus with The Bible Project, you will gain a comprehensive understanding of the historical and literary context, themes, and structure of this important book in the Old Testament. You will also learn about the significance of Leviticus for understanding the Torah and its relevance for Christians today.
  • By studying The Bible Project's lesson on Numbers, you'll comprehensively understand its structure, themes, and significance, gaining insight into the journey of the Israelites in the wilderness, God's guidance, rebellion, priesthood, and offerings, as well as its historical, theological, and contemporary relevance.
  • Explore Numbers' authorship, context, structure, and theology to gain a comprehensive understanding of its significance to the Pentateuch and the Old Testament, as well as its relevance to the Christian faith today.
  • You will gain knowledge and insight into the book of Joshua, including its historical context, literary genre, and summary. You will learn about the book's themes, such as God's faithfulness, obedience, and judgment, and its significance in foreshadowing Christ's work and providing historical and theological implications.
  • Explore the historical and cultural context, literary design, and theological significance of the book of Judges in the Old Testament, and learn how it fits into the broader biblical storyline, including its relevance for today.
  • Explore the Book of Ruth to understand its historical context, literary features, themes of loyalty and faithfulness, redemption, the kinsman-redeemer's role, and its Old Testament significance.
  • Studying the Book of Samuel provides insight into the rise of the Israelite monarchy, the lives of Saul and David, and the importance of obedience to God, covering themes of leadership and kingship with the presence of the Ark of the Covenant.
  • By exploring the story of Absalom in 2 Samuel and the broader context of the Old Testament Historical Books, you will gain insight into the themes and messages of these books, as well as their historical and modern-day significance.
  • Through the study of 1 Kings and 2 Kings, you will gain a deeper understanding of the history of Israel and Judah, as well as valuable spiritual lessons from these Old Testament books.
  • By studying this lesson, you understand the historical and literary aspects of 1 and 2 Chronicles, emphasizing God's sovereignty, covenant faithfulness, worship, and obedience.
  • Through this lesson, you grasp the historical context, key themes, and modern applications of the books of Ezra and Nehemiah, enriching your understanding of faith, community, and commitment to God's Word.
  • You will gain an understanding of the book of Esther, a narrative in the Hebrew Bible that tells the story of a Jewish woman named Esther who becomes queen in the Persian court and, with the help of her cousin Mordecai, saves the Jews from genocide orchestrated by the villain Haman. The story highlights God's sovereignty and providential care, and the feast of Purim celebrates the Jews' victory.
  • By studying the Book of Job, you will explore the complexities of human suffering, the search for divine wisdom, and the tension between God's sovereignty and human limitations within a unique literary structure.
  • You will gain a comprehensive understanding of the book of Psalms, including its background, structure, authorship, and theology. You will also learn about the various themes and motifs present in the Psalms, which will help you better understand and appreciate this important book in the Old Testament.
  • By studying Proverbs, you will understand the definition and purpose of wisdom, the fear of the Lord, and the personification of wisdom in the book. You will also gain insights into the literary structure of Proverbs and the themes of the book, including the importance of listening to wisdom, the power of words, and the value of hard work.
  • In the Ecclesiastes lesson, you gain insights into the book's structure, themes, and significance, while exploring the search for meaning, vanity, and the importance of fearing God and enjoying life.
  • You will gain an understanding of the literary features, interpretation, theology, and application of the book Song of Songs, including its authorship, historical and cultural context, allegorical and literal interpretation, and its teachings on God and human love, sexuality, and relationships.
  • Through this lesson, you gain insight into Isaiah's historical context, literary features, major themes, and its significance in the Old Testament.
  • Discover how Isaiah's prophetic message of judgment and hope for Jerusalem evolves, as it predicts the fall of Israel's kingdom and envisions a new, purified Jerusalem where God's kingdom will be restored through a future messianic king, uniting all nations in peace.
  • Through this lesson, you will gain understanding of the book of Jeremiah, including its historical and cultural context, literary features, major themes and message, and significance in the Old Testament.
  • In this lesson, you learn about the Book of Lamentations, its structure, themes, and the role of God in the midst of suffering and divine judgment, while ultimately highlighting His faithfulness and mercy.
  • In the book of Ezekiel, you follow the story of a priest named Ezekiel who has a vision of God's glory riding on a royal throne chariot, and is commissioned by God to accuse Israel of rebellion and warn them of their impending destruction due to their covenant violations and rampant social injustice, while also providing a small glimmer of hope for the future.
  • By viewing this lesson on Daniel, you will gain understanding of its structure, themes, and significance in the Old Testament, gaining knowledge about living as faithful exiles in a hostile culture, God's sovereignty and faithfulness in times of trial, and remaining faithful to God even in difficult circumstances.
  • Through this lesson, you grasp the complexities of Hosea, discovering the book's themes, messages, and its role in the Old Testament, emphasizing the relationship between Israel's unfaithfulness and God's unwavering love.
  • By studying the book of Joel, you will gain insight into the historical and cultural context of Judah, the literary features of prophetic literature, and the themes of repentance, restoration, and the Day of the Lord. Joel's prophecy also has significance in the New Testament as it is quoted by Peter at Pentecost, emphasizing the fulfillment of Joel's vision through the outpouring of the Holy Spirit.
  • In the Amos lesson, you explore its historical context, literary features, and themes, enhancing your understanding of justice, the Day of the Lord, and God's sovereignty within the Old Testament.
  • By studying Obadiah, you will gain insight into the historical context and literary features of this prophetic oracle. You will learn about the pride of Edom, their judgment, and the hope for Israel. Through understanding the significance of Obadiah in the Old Testament, you will have a deeper appreciation for the themes and message of this book.
  • Through this lesson, you gain insight into Jonah's themes, including God's mercy, human rebellion, repentance, and the significance of mission, while also understanding its connections to other biblical narratives.
  • Studying the book of Micah will give you an understanding of its historical context, literary genre, prophetic message of judgment and restoration, and insights into God's character and how He interacts with His people.
  • In this lesson, you gain insight into the historical context, structure, and themes of the book of Nahum, learning about God's sovereignty, justice, and the relevance of these concepts in today's world.
  • Studying Habakkuk will deepen your understanding of how to wrestle with difficult questions about God's character and the problem of evil and respond with faith and trust in God's sovereignty.
  • In this lesson, you explore the book of Zephaniah, gaining insights into its background, context, literary features, themes, and significance in the Old Testament, including the central message of the Day of the Lord and the promise of future hope.
  • You will gain an in-depth understanding of the Book of Haggai, including its historical and cultural context, literary structure, purpose and themes, individual sections, and theological significance in relation to the Exile, Restoration, and Messiah.
  • In this lesson, you gain insights into Zechariah's historical context, structure, themes of restoration, the coming Messiah, God's sovereignty, and its significance in the Old Testament.
  • Discover the last book of the Old Testament and its themes, such as God's love for Israel, the importance of worship, and the coming of the messenger and the day of the Lord, as well as its connection to the New Testament, which prophesies the coming of John the Baptist and Jesus and calls for a return to God.

BP100-32 Amos

The book of the Prophet Amos. Amos was a shepherd and a fig tree farmer who lived right near the border between Northern Israel and Southern Judah. Now, the North had seized its independence about a hundred and fifty years earlier, (remember 1 Kings 12) and it was currently being ruled by Jeroboam the Second, a successful military leader. He won lots of battles and new territories for Israel, and he generated lots of wealth. But! In the eyes of the prophets, he was one of the worst kings ever. His wealth had led to apathy, and he allowed idol worship for the gods of Canaan, which in turn led to injustice and the neglect of the poor. And it got to the point where Amos couldn't take it anymore. He sensed God calling him to go, trek up north to Bethel, an important city that had a large temple, and start announcing God's Word to the people. And this book is a collection of his sermons, and poems, and visions uttered over the years. They were compiled later to give God's people a sense of His divine message to the Northern Kingdom And it's a message we still need to hear today. The book has a fairly clear design: Chapters 1&2 are a series of messages to the nations and Israel; Chapters 3-6 are a collection of poems that expresses the same message to the people of Israel and its leaders Chapters 7-9 contain a series of visions that Amos experienced that depict God's coming judgement on Israel. Let's just dive in. So the book opens with a series of short poems, that accuse all of Israel's neighbors of violence and injustice. And this is kind of odd, because the book's opening line says that Amos is going to speak against Israel. But watch how this works. As Amos is naming all of these neighboring nations, you can go look at a map and see that he is creating a circle And when he's done, Israel lies right in the centre like a target in crosshairs And on Israel, Amos unleashes a poetic accusation that's three times longer and more intense than any of these others. He accuses Israel's wealthy of ignoring the poor And allowing grave injustice in their land, Specifically, by allowing the poor to be sold into debt slavery And then going on to deny any of these people legal representation. And this, Amos asks, "Is this the family that was once denied justice and enslaved in Egypt? The family that God rescued from oppression and slavery? The party's over," Amos says. "God is done putting up with you." And so the opening of the next section explains why. God says, I chose you, Israel, from among all the families of the earth. This is an allusion to Genesis 12 How God had called the family of Abraham to become God’s blessing to all of the nations And so then God says, "So this is why I will punish you for all of your sins." Israel had a great calling, which came with great responsibility, and so their sin and rebellion brings great consequences. Now this section brings together a lot of Amos' poems and you'll see a few key themes repeated over and over. So first, he's constantly exposing the religious hypocrisy of Israel's wealthy and their leaders And he describes how they faithfully attend the religious gatherings; giving offerings and sacrifices all the while neglecting the poor and ignoring injustice. And Amos says it's all a sham. That God actually hates their worship because it's totally disconnected from how they treat people. God says a real relationship with Him will transform a person's relationships And so Amos' call to true worship is to let justice flow like a river and righteousness like a never failing stream. Now these two words, they're super important for Amos and actually all of the prophets. So righteousness, or in Hebrew “tsedaqah", refers to a standard of right equitable relationships between people no matter their social differences. And justice or in Hebrew "mishpat" refers to concrete actions that you take to correct injustice and create righteousness. And so both of these are to permeate the life of God's covenant people like a rushing stream fills a dry riverbed. The next theme is Amos' repeated accusations of Israel's idolatry. So remember, when the northern kingdom broke away from southern Judah, their king built two new temples to rival Solomon's in Jerusalem. And he placed a golden calf in each (remember 1 Kings chapter 12). Since then Israel had only accumulated more idols. Worshiping the gods of sex and weather and war. And in the prophet's view, the worship of these gods always led to injustice. Because these gods don't require the same degree of justice and righteousness as the God of Israel. Not to mention that these gods were immoral themselves, not the God of Israel; He's different. So He can say in one place, "Seek Me that you may live." And then right after that say to Israel, "Seek good, not evil that you may live.” So true worship of the Creator, God of Israel, it's synonymous with doing good, with generosity, and with justice. And so the final theme in these chapters is that because Israel and its king have rejected Amos and the other prophets, God will send the day of the Lord. This is a great and terrible act of justice on Israel. And specifically, Amos predicts that a powerful nation will come, and conquer, and decimate their cities and take the people away into exile. And we know his prediction came true; some 40 years later the Assyrian Empire swooped in and did exactly as Amos had said. The book closes with a series of visions that Amos experienced; and they're symbolic depictions of the coming day of the Lord. So he sees Israel devastated by a locust swarm. And then by a scorching fire. And then they're being swallowed up like over-ripe fruit. And in the final vision, Amos sees God violently striking the pillars of Israel's great idol temple at Bethel and the whole building comes crumbling down. It's an image of God's justice on the leaders and the gods of Israel. Their end has finally come. But then, all of a sudden in the final paragraph we see a glimmer of hope. It picks up this image of Israel as a destroyed building. And God says that out of the ruins He will one day restore the house of David. In other words, He's going to bring the future messianic King from David's line. And He will rebuild the family of God's people; which surprisingly we're told is going to include people from all of the nations. All of the devastation caused by Israel's sin and God's judgment will that day be reversed. Now, this final paragraph is super important. It's the only sign of hope on the other side of judgment And it helps us see how this book is exploring the relationship between God's justice and his mercy. If God is good, He has to confront, judge evil among Israel and the nations. But His long-term purposes are to restore his world and building a new covenant family. And so through Amos' words, we still today hear his call to learn from Israel's hypocrisy and disaster, and to embrace a true worship of this God, which should always lead to justice and righteousness and loving our neighbor. And that's what the book of Amos is all about.