BibleProject - Old Testament - Lesson 12

1 Samuel

By studying the Book of Samuel, you will gain insight into the rise of the Israelite monarchy, the lives of Saul and David, and the importance of obedience to God. The book is divided into two parts and covers the reigns of the first two kings of Israel. Throughout the book, there are themes of leadership and kingship, the importance of obedience to God, and the presence of the Ark of the Covenant.

Taught by a Team
Taught by a Team
BibleProject - Old Testament
Lesson 12
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1 Samuel

Samuel: Bible Project


I. Introduction

A. Overview of the Book of Samuel

B. Historical and Cultural Context

C. Authorship and Purpose

II. Literary Features of Samuel

A. Style and Language

B. Structure and Outline

III. Themes and Message of Samuel

A. Leadership and Kingship

B. The Ark of the Covenant

C. The Importance of Obedience to God

IV. Significance of Samuel in the Old Testament

A. Contributions to a Larger Understanding of the Old Testament

B. Impact on the Original Audience

  • By watching this video, you will gain a comprehensive understanding of the Old Testament, including its literary design and flow of thought. You will learn about the different sections of the Old Testament, including the Pentateuch, Historical Books, Wisdom Literature, Major Prophets, and Minor Prophets. You will also gain insights into the stories, themes, and messages of each of these sections and how they contribute to the overall narrative of God's relationship with humanity.
  • By studying Genesis, you will gain a deeper understanding of the Old Testament and its key themes and characters, as well as the literary features of the book, such as its structure, style, and genre. The creation story is a key part of the book, as are the stories of Abraham and the patriarchs, the fall and sin, the flood and Noah, and God's covenant with Israel. Additionally, Genesis introduces readers to the Old Testament and sets the stage for the Pentateuch and Books of Moses, while also introducing many themes and motifs that continue throughout the Bible.
  • Discover the captivating stories of the patriarchs in Genesis Part 2, exploring themes of covenant, God's sovereignty, human responsibility, faith, and obedience.
  • Explore the Bible's book of Exodus to gain insight into God's rescue of the Israelites from slavery in Egypt, the significance of the covenant and law, and its connection to the New Testament.
  • Gain insight into the book of Exodus and its themes of salvation and redemption, revealing God's character through his interactions with Israel, with significant influence on Jewish and Christian traditions and connections to the New Testament through its foreshadowing of Jesus Christ.
  • By studying Leviticus with The Bible Project, you will gain a comprehensive understanding of the historical and literary context, themes, and structure of this important book in the Old Testament. You will also learn about the significance of Leviticus for understanding the Torah and its relevance for Christians today.
  • By studying The Bible Project's lesson on Numbers, you'll comprehensively understand its structure, themes, and significance, gaining insight into the journey of the Israelites in the wilderness, God's guidance, rebellion, priesthood, and offerings, as well as its historical, theological, and contemporary relevance.
  • Explore Numbers' authorship, context, structure, and theology to gain a comprehensive understanding of its significance to the Pentateuch and the Old Testament, as well as its relevance to the Christian faith today.
  • You will gain knowledge and insight into the book of Joshua, including its historical context, literary genre, and summary. You will learn about the book's themes, such as God's faithfulness, obedience, and judgment, and its significance in foreshadowing Christ's work and providing historical and theological implications.
  • Explore the historical and cultural context, literary design, and theological significance of the book of Judges in the Old Testament, and learn how it fits into the broader biblical storyline, including its relevance for today.
  • Explore the Book of Ruth to understand its historical context, literary features, themes of loyalty and faithfulness, redemption, the kinsman-redeemer's role, and its Old Testament significance.
  • Studying the Book of Samuel provides insight into the rise of the Israelite monarchy, the lives of Saul and David, and the importance of obedience to God, covering themes of leadership and kingship with the presence of the Ark of the Covenant.
  • By exploring the story of Absalom in 2 Samuel and the broader context of the Old Testament Historical Books, you will gain insight into the themes and messages of these books, as well as their historical and modern-day significance.
  • Through the study of 1 Kings and 2 Kings, you will gain a deeper understanding of the history of Israel and Judah, as well as valuable spiritual lessons from these Old Testament books.
  • By studying this lesson, you understand the historical and literary aspects of 1 and 2 Chronicles, emphasizing God's sovereignty, covenant faithfulness, worship, and obedience.
  • Through this lesson, you grasp the historical context, key themes, and modern applications of the books of Ezra and Nehemiah, enriching your understanding of faith, community, and commitment to God's Word.
  • You will gain an understanding of the book of Esther, a narrative in the Hebrew Bible that tells the story of a Jewish woman named Esther who becomes queen in the Persian court and, with the help of her cousin Mordecai, saves the Jews from genocide orchestrated by the villain Haman. The story highlights God's sovereignty and providential care, and the feast of Purim celebrates the Jews' victory.
  • By studying the Book of Job, you will explore the complexities of human suffering, the search for divine wisdom, and the tension between God's sovereignty and human limitations within a unique literary structure.
  • You will gain a comprehensive understanding of the book of Psalms, including its background, structure, authorship, and theology. You will also learn about the various themes and motifs present in the Psalms, which will help you better understand and appreciate this important book in the Old Testament.
  • By studying Proverbs, you will understand the definition and purpose of wisdom, the fear of the Lord, and the personification of wisdom in the book. You will also gain insights into the literary structure of Proverbs and the themes of the book, including the importance of listening to wisdom, the power of words, and the value of hard work.
  • In the Ecclesiastes lesson, you gain insights into the book's structure, themes, and significance, while exploring the search for meaning, vanity, and the importance of fearing God and enjoying life.
  • You will gain an understanding of the literary features, interpretation, theology, and application of the book Song of Songs, including its authorship, historical and cultural context, allegorical and literal interpretation, and its teachings on God and human love, sexuality, and relationships.
  • Through this lesson, you gain insight into Isaiah's historical context, literary features, major themes, and its significance in the Old Testament.
  • Discover how Isaiah's prophetic message of judgment and hope for Jerusalem evolves, as it predicts the fall of Israel's kingdom and envisions a new, purified Jerusalem where God's kingdom will be restored through a future messianic king, uniting all nations in peace.
  • Through this lesson, you will gain understanding of the book of Jeremiah, including its historical and cultural context, literary features, major themes and message, and significance in the Old Testament.
  • In this lesson, you learn about the Book of Lamentations, its structure, themes, and the role of God in the midst of suffering and divine judgment, while ultimately highlighting His faithfulness and mercy.
  • In the book of Ezekiel, you follow the story of a priest named Ezekiel who has a vision of God's glory riding on a royal throne chariot, and is commissioned by God to accuse Israel of rebellion and warn them of their impending destruction due to their covenant violations and rampant social injustice, while also providing a small glimmer of hope for the future.
  • By viewing this lesson on Daniel, you will gain understanding of its structure, themes, and significance in the Old Testament, gaining knowledge about living as faithful exiles in a hostile culture, God's sovereignty and faithfulness in times of trial, and remaining faithful to God even in difficult circumstances.
  • Through this lesson, you grasp the complexities of Hosea, discovering the book's themes, messages, and its role in the Old Testament, emphasizing the relationship between Israel's unfaithfulness and God's unwavering love.
  • By studying the book of Joel, you will gain insight into the historical and cultural context of Judah, the literary features of prophetic literature, and the themes of repentance, restoration, and the Day of the Lord. Joel's prophecy also has significance in the New Testament as it is quoted by Peter at Pentecost, emphasizing the fulfillment of Joel's vision through the outpouring of the Holy Spirit.
  • In the Amos lesson, you explore its historical context, literary features, and themes, enhancing your understanding of justice, the Day of the Lord, and God's sovereignty within the Old Testament.
  • By studying Obadiah, you will gain insight into the historical context and literary features of this prophetic oracle. You will learn about the pride of Edom, their judgment, and the hope for Israel. Through understanding the significance of Obadiah in the Old Testament, you will have a deeper appreciation for the themes and message of this book.
  • Through this lesson, you gain insight into Jonah's themes, including God's mercy, human rebellion, repentance, and the significance of mission, while also understanding its connections to other biblical narratives.
  • Studying the book of Micah will give you an understanding of its historical context, literary genre, prophetic message of judgment and restoration, and insights into God's character and how He interacts with His people.
  • In this lesson, you gain insight into the historical context, structure, and themes of the book of Nahum, learning about God's sovereignty, justice, and the relevance of these concepts in today's world.
  • Studying Habakkuk will deepen your understanding of how to wrestle with difficult questions about God's character and the problem of evil and respond with faith and trust in God's sovereignty.
  • In this lesson, you explore the book of Zephaniah, gaining insights into its background, context, literary features, themes, and significance in the Old Testament, including the central message of the Day of the Lord and the promise of future hope.
  • You will gain an in-depth understanding of the Book of Haggai, including its historical and cultural context, literary structure, purpose and themes, individual sections, and theological significance in relation to the Exile, Restoration, and Messiah.
  • In this lesson, you gain insights into Zechariah's historical context, structure, themes of restoration, the coming Messiah, God's sovereignty, and its significance in the Old Testament.
  • Discover the last book of the Old Testament and its themes, such as God's love for Israel, the importance of worship, and the coming of the messenger and the day of the Lord, as well as its connection to the New Testament, which prophesies the coming of John the Baptist and Jesus and calls for a return to God.

BP100-12 1 Samuel

The book the first and second Samuel. They're two separate books in our modern Bibles but that division is due simply to scroll length It was originally written as one coherent story We're just going to cover the book of first Samuel in this video So after Israel was rescued from slavery in Egypt they made a covenant with God at Mount Sinai and eventually came into the promised land and there, Israel was supposed to be faithful to God and obey the covenant commands Before the book of Samuel judges showed how Israel failed at that task big time It was a period of moral chaos and it showed israel's need for wise faithful leaders The book of Samuel provides an answer to that need The book of Samuel's story focuses on three main characters The prophet Samuel where the book gets its name and then King Saul and after that King David In all three of them transition Israel from a group of tribes ruled by judges into a unified kingdom ruled by King David in Jerusalem and the book of Samuel has a fascinating design that weaves the story of these three characters together in four main parts Samuel he's the key leader and prophet in the first section of the book but then he also plays a key role in the next section which is Saul's story and its told in two movements Saul rises to power and then his failures. In the second part is about his downfall in his tragic death In the drama of Saul's demise is matched by David's exciting rise to power and then David's story is told in two movements First he rides the wave of his success followed by his own tragic failure and the slow self destruction of his family and then his kingdom The book concludes with an epilogue that reflects back over the whole story So let's dive in and see how this all unfolds Part 1 picks up from the chaos of the book of Judges and we're introduced to a touching story about a woman named Hannah and she's grieved because she has never been able to have children and by God's grace she finally has a son named Samuel And in joy she sings this amazing poem in chapter two And the poem is all about how God opposes the proud and exalts the humble about how despite tragedies and human evil God is working out his purposes in history and also it's about how God will one day raised up an anointed king for his people and Hannah's poem has been placed here at the beginning of the book to introduce these key themes that were gonna see throughout the whole story like the next one Samuel grows up and becomes a great prophet and leader for the people of Israel at the same time that the Philistines rise to power as Israel's arch nemesis And in this crucial battle the Israelites get arrogant and instead of praying and asking God for help they trot out the Ark of the Covenant as this kind of magic trophy that will automatically grant them victory in battle and so because of their arrogant presumption God allows Israel to lose the battle and the Ark is stolen so the Philistines they take the Ark and they place it in the temple of their God Dagon and then the God of Israel defeats the Philistines and their God Dagon without an army by sending plagues on the people and then the Philistines don't want the ark anymore obviously and they send it back to Israel And the point of this little story seems to be this God is not Israel's trophy and he opposes pride among the Philistines but also among his own people and so Israel needs to remain humble and obedient if they want to experience God's covenant blessing which opens up into the next large section The Israelite come to Samuel and they say hey we want to King like all the other nations have Go find one for us and so Samuel he's kind of ticked off and he goes to consult with God and God says yes their motives are all wrong but if the king is what they want give them one and so we're introduced as a figure of Saul now Saul is a tragic figure because he begins full of promises, tall, he's good looking He is a perfect candidate for a king but he has deep character flaws he's dishonest, he lacks integrity and he seems incapable of acknowledging his own mistakes and so these flaws become his downfail he wins some battles at the beginning but his flaws went so deep he eventually disqualified himself by blatantly disobeying God's commands and so the aging Samuel confronts Saul and Israel he had warned the people that they would only benefit from a king whose humble and faithful to God otherwise the kings of Israel will bring ruin so he informs Saul that God is going to raise up a new king to replace him and so Saul's downfall begins as God at the same time is working behind the scenes to raise up that new king It's an insignificant shepherd boy named David he's the least likely candidate to be king but the famous story of David and Goliath shows that God's choice of David is not based on his family status but simply on his radical and humble trust in the God of Israel and so this story embodies all of the themes of Hannah's poem proud Saul and Goliath are brought low while humble David is exalted From here we watched Saul slowly descend into madness while David rises to power so David starts working for Saul as a general and he's winning all of the battles and he's also winning all of the frame and so Saul gets jealous and he starts chasing David around, hunting him, trying to kill him David's done nothing wrong and so David simply runs and waits in the wilderness and here we see David's true character he has multiple opportunities to kill Saul but he doesn't, he simply trust that despite Saul's evil, God will raise up a king for his people What's interesting too is that many of the poems of David that you find in the Book of Psalms are linked to this very period of his life and they all expressed the same attitude of trust and so this section of the book ends with Saul coming to a grisly death after losing a battle with the Philistines First Samuel tells some of the most intricate well told stories you find anywhere in the Bible and the characters Saul and David they're portrayed very realistically and the authors putting them forward as character studies so that you can find yourself in them so Saul's story, we see a warning it's crucial that we reflect on our own character flaws and how they harm us and other people and with God's help we need to humble ourselves and deal with our dark side so that Saul's story doesn't become ours David on the other hand is presented as an example of patience and trust in God's timing in our lives and so he's running in the wilderness being chased by Saul David had every reason to think that God had abandoned him but that's not what he thinks and so David's story encourages us to trust that despite human evil God is working out his purposes to oppose the proud and to exalt the humble and that's what first Samuel is all about.