BibleProject - Old Testament - Lesson 30

Hosea - BibleProject

In this lesson, you'll gain a thorough understanding of the book of Hosea, including its authorship, historical context, and structure. You will explore the major themes and messages, such as Israel's unfaithfulness, God's unfailing love, and the call for repentance and restoration. As you delve deeper into Hosea's significance within the Old Testament, you will learn about its contributions to prophetic literature and its impact on both ancient Israel and modern readers.

Taught by a Team
Taught by a Team
BibleProject - Old Testament
Lesson 30
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Hosea - BibleProject

BP100-30: Hosea

I. Introduction to Hosea

A. Authorship and Background

B. Timeframe and Historical Context

II. Structure and Literary Features

A. Divisions of the Book

B. Poetic and Prophetic Elements

III. Major Themes and Message of Hosea

A. Israel's Unfaithfulness and Spiritual Adultery

B. God's Unfailing Love and Redemption

C. Call to Repentance and Restoration

IV. Significance of Hosea in the Old Testament

A. Contributions to Prophetic Literature

B. Impact on Ancient Israel and Contemporary Application

  • By watching this video, you will gain a comprehensive understanding of the Old Testament, including its literary design and flow of thought. You will learn about the different sections of the Old Testament, including the Pentateuch, Historical Books, Wisdom Literature, Major Prophets, and Minor Prophets. You will also gain insights into the stories, themes, and messages of each of these sections and how they contribute to the overall narrative of God's relationship with humanity.
  • By studying Genesis, you will gain a deeper understanding of the Old Testament and its key themes and characters, as well as the literary features of the book, such as its structure, style, and genre. The creation story is a key part of the book, as are the stories of Abraham and the patriarchs, the fall and sin, the flood and Noah, and God's covenant with Israel. Additionally, Genesis introduces readers to the Old Testament and sets the stage for the Pentateuch and Books of Moses, while also introducing many themes and motifs that continue throughout the Bible.
  • Discover the captivating stories of the patriarchs in Genesis Part 2, exploring themes of covenant, God's sovereignty, human responsibility, faith, and obedience.
  • Explore the Bible's book of Exodus to gain insight into God's rescue of the Israelites from slavery in Egypt, the significance of the covenant and law, and its connection to the New Testament.
  • Gain insight into the book of Exodus and its themes of salvation and redemption, revealing God's character through his interactions with Israel, with significant influence on Jewish and Christian traditions and connections to the New Testament through its foreshadowing of Jesus Christ.
  • By studying Leviticus with The Bible Project, you will gain a comprehensive understanding of the historical and literary context, themes, and structure of this important book in the Old Testament. You will also learn about the significance of Leviticus for understanding the Torah and its relevance for Christians today.
  • By studying The Bible Project's lesson on Numbers, you'll comprehensively understand its structure, themes, and significance, gaining insight into the journey of the Israelites in the wilderness, God's guidance, rebellion, priesthood, and offerings, as well as its historical, theological, and contemporary relevance.
  • Explore Numbers' authorship, context, structure, and theology to gain a comprehensive understanding of its significance to the Pentateuch and the Old Testament, as well as its relevance to the Christian faith today.
  • You will gain knowledge and insight into the book of Joshua, including its historical context, literary genre, and summary. You will learn about the book's themes, such as God's faithfulness, obedience, and judgment, and its significance in foreshadowing Christ's work and providing historical and theological implications.
  • Explore the historical and cultural context, literary design, and theological significance of the book of Judges in the Old Testament, and learn how it fits into the broader biblical storyline, including its relevance for today.
  • Explore the Book of Ruth to understand its historical context, literary features, themes of loyalty and faithfulness, redemption, the kinsman-redeemer's role, and its Old Testament significance.
  • Studying the Book of Samuel provides insight into the rise of the Israelite monarchy, the lives of Saul and David, and the importance of obedience to God, covering themes of leadership and kingship with the presence of the Ark of the Covenant.
  • By exploring the story of Absalom in 2 Samuel and the broader context of the Old Testament Historical Books, you will gain insight into the themes and messages of these books, as well as their historical and modern-day significance.
  • Through the study of 1 Kings and 2 Kings, you will gain a deeper understanding of the history of Israel and Judah, as well as valuable spiritual lessons from these Old Testament books.
  • By studying this lesson, you understand the historical and literary aspects of 1 and 2 Chronicles, emphasizing God's sovereignty, covenant faithfulness, worship, and obedience.
  • Through this lesson, you grasp the historical context, key themes, and modern applications of the books of Ezra and Nehemiah, enriching your understanding of faith, community, and commitment to God's Word.
  • You will gain an understanding of the book of Esther, a narrative in the Hebrew Bible that tells the story of a Jewish woman named Esther who becomes queen in the Persian court and, with the help of her cousin Mordecai, saves the Jews from genocide orchestrated by the villain Haman. The story highlights God's sovereignty and providential care, and the feast of Purim celebrates the Jews' victory.
  • By studying the Book of Job, you will explore the complexities of human suffering, the search for divine wisdom, and the tension between God's sovereignty and human limitations within a unique literary structure.
  • You will gain a comprehensive understanding of the book of Psalms, including its background, structure, authorship, and theology. You will also learn about the various themes and motifs present in the Psalms, which will help you better understand and appreciate this important book in the Old Testament.
  • By studying Proverbs, you will understand the definition and purpose of wisdom, the fear of the Lord, and the personification of wisdom in the book. You will also gain insights into the literary structure of Proverbs and the themes of the book, including the importance of listening to wisdom, the power of words, and the value of hard work.
  • In the Ecclesiastes lesson, you gain insights into the book's structure, themes, and significance, while exploring the search for meaning, vanity, and the importance of fearing God and enjoying life.
  • You will gain an understanding of the literary features, interpretation, theology, and application of the book Song of Songs, including its authorship, historical and cultural context, allegorical and literal interpretation, and its teachings on God and human love, sexuality, and relationships.
  • Through this lesson, you gain insight into Isaiah's historical context, literary features, major themes, and its significance in the Old Testament.
  • Discover how Isaiah's prophetic message of judgment and hope for Jerusalem evolves, as it predicts the fall of Israel's kingdom and envisions a new, purified Jerusalem where God's kingdom will be restored through a future messianic king, uniting all nations in peace.
  • Through this lesson, you will gain understanding of the book of Jeremiah, including its historical and cultural context, literary features, major themes and message, and significance in the Old Testament.
  • In this lesson, you learn about the Book of Lamentations, its structure, themes, and the role of God in the midst of suffering and divine judgment, while ultimately highlighting His faithfulness and mercy.
  • In the book of Ezekiel, you follow the story of a priest named Ezekiel who has a vision of God's glory riding on a royal throne chariot, and is commissioned by God to accuse Israel of rebellion and warn them of their impending destruction due to their covenant violations and rampant social injustice, while also providing a small glimmer of hope for the future.
  • By viewing this lesson on Daniel, you will gain understanding of its structure, themes, and significance in the Old Testament, gaining knowledge about living as faithful exiles in a hostile culture, God's sovereignty and faithfulness in times of trial, and remaining faithful to God even in difficult circumstances.
  • Through this lesson, you grasp the complexities of Hosea, discovering the book's themes, messages, and its role in the Old Testament, emphasizing the relationship between Israel's unfaithfulness and God's unwavering love.
  • By studying the book of Joel, you will gain insight into the historical and cultural context of Judah, the literary features of prophetic literature, and the themes of repentance, restoration, and the Day of the Lord. Joel's prophecy also has significance in the New Testament as it is quoted by Peter at Pentecost, emphasizing the fulfillment of Joel's vision through the outpouring of the Holy Spirit.
  • In the Amos lesson, you explore its historical context, literary features, and themes, enhancing your understanding of justice, the Day of the Lord, and God's sovereignty within the Old Testament.
  • By studying Obadiah, you will gain insight into the historical context and literary features of this prophetic oracle. You will learn about the pride of Edom, their judgment, and the hope for Israel. Through understanding the significance of Obadiah in the Old Testament, you will have a deeper appreciation for the themes and message of this book.
  • Through this lesson, you gain insight into Jonah's themes, including God's mercy, human rebellion, repentance, and the significance of mission, while also understanding its connections to other biblical narratives.
  • Studying the book of Micah will give you an understanding of its historical context, literary genre, prophetic message of judgment and restoration, and insights into God's character and how He interacts with His people.
  • In this lesson, you gain insight into the historical context, structure, and themes of the book of Nahum, learning about God's sovereignty, justice, and the relevance of these concepts in today's world.
  • Studying Habakkuk will deepen your understanding of how to wrestle with difficult questions about God's character and the problem of evil and respond with faith and trust in God's sovereignty.
  • In this lesson, you explore the book of Zephaniah, gaining insights into its background, context, literary features, themes, and significance in the Old Testament, including the central message of the Day of the Lord and the promise of future hope.
  • You will gain an in-depth understanding of the Book of Haggai, including its historical and cultural context, literary structure, purpose and themes, individual sections, and theological significance in relation to the Exile, Restoration, and Messiah.
  • In this lesson, you gain insights into Zechariah's historical context, structure, themes of restoration, the coming Messiah, God's sovereignty, and its significance in the Old Testament.
  • Discover the last book of the Old Testament and its themes, such as God's love for Israel, the importance of worship, and the coming of the messenger and the day of the Lord, as well as its connection to the New Testament, which prophesies the coming of John the Baptist and Jesus and calls for a return to God.

BP100-30 Hosea

The book of the Prophet Hosea. Hosea lived in the northern kingdom of Israel which he sometimes calls Ephraim or Jacob about two hundred years after they had broken off from southern Judah. Remember the story from 1 Kings. Hosea was called to speak on God´s behalf during the reign of one of Israel's worst Kings Jeroboam the second. The nation was descending into chaos, and in the year 722 the big bad Assyrian empire swooped in, and decimated Israel. Again, see the story in 2nd Kings and Hosea had seen all of this coming. the book is a collection of some twenty-five years of his preaching and writing it's almost all poetry and this whole collection has been designed to have three main sections. Lets just dive in you'll see how it works. The opening part tells the story of Hosea´s broken marriage to a woman named Gomer, who commits adultery. Now it's not totally clear whether Gomer slept around with other men before or only after they got married, but they did have three children together and things fell apart. The important point is that God tells Hosea that despite Gomer´s unfaithfulness He is to go find her, to pay off her debts to her lovers, and to commit his love and faithfulness to her once again, and then God says that all of this: the broken and repaired marriage, the children, it's all a prophetic symbol telling the story of God's relationship to Israel. So God has been like a faithful husband to Israel, He rescued them out of slavery, He brought them to Mount Sinai where He entered into a covenant with them. He asked them to be faithful to Him alone, but then He brought Israel into the promised land and they took all the abundance that He gave them and they dedicated it to the worship of the Canaanite god Baal, and so God has a legitimate reason. He could end the covenant and divorce Israel and He thinks about doing so but instead, He says that He's going to pursue Israel again and renew His covenant with them. And He says why. It's purely because of His own love, compassion and faithfulness. Hosea then spells out what all this means. He says the consequences for Israel's rebellion will be imminent defeat by other nations and exile. But there's hope for future restoration. One day Israel will once again repent and come back to worship their God and Hosea says He will place over them a new messianic King from the line of David who will bring God's blessing. And so this opening section introduces all the main ideas of the book. Israel has rebelled and God's going to bring severe consequences but, God's own covenant love and mercy are more powerful than Israel's sin. And so in the remaining sections of the book Hosea´s poetry explores these themes in more depth. So there are two collections of his accusations and warnings for Israel and then each of these is concluded by a very hopeful poem about God's mercy and hope for the future. So chapters 4 through 10, Hosea explores the causes and effects of Israel's unfaithfulness. He says numerous times that Israel lacks all knowledge or understanding of God. The Hebrew word "to know" which is Yadá it's more than just intellectual activity it described personal relational knowledge Is the difference between just knowing about someone and then actually knowing that someone. And God wants Israel to know Him like that, in a relationship. He wants them to experience His love for them and become the kind of knowledge that transforms their hearts and lives so that they love Him in return. And so this is why Hosea is constantly exposing the hypocrisy of Israel's worship. He constantly shows how they're breaking the Ten Commandments, how they're allowing grave injustice in their communities and then they go to their sacred temples and they offer sacrifices to God like everything is just fine. But it's not fine and not only because of their hypocrisy but because they're worshiping all of these other gods too. He mentions many times their altars to Baal at the cities of Bethel and Gilgal and not only have they given their allegiance to other gods Hosea repeatedly accuses Israel for trusting in their political alliances with Egypt and Assyria. So instead of trusting God to protect them they want to become like these nations and rely solely on military power and God says it's all going to come crashing down on their head because in not too long Assyria will turn on them and come to ravage their lands. In this other section of warning Hosea gives an ancient Israelite history lesson to show how this family's been unfaithful from the beginning so he alludes to the patriarch Jacob´s lying and treachery --remember Genesis 27 and 28-- he alludes to Israel's rebellion in the wilderness --remember the Book of Numbers-- he alludes to their appointment of the corrupt King Saul who led the people into sin and disaster --remember the stories in 1 Samuel-- this is all Hosea´s way of saying "some things in this family never change." So what hope does Hosea have. What we know from Chapter 3 that God's going to do something to save and restore His people and that´s what these two concluding chapters explore. Chapter 11 is beautiful. The poem depicts God as a loving father who raised His son Israel and then shared everything with him but the son grew up and rebelled and turned on the father, taking advantage of His generosity and so in this poem God is emotionally torn apart. One moment He's angry and naturally He says He's going to bring severe consequences but the next moment He's heartbroken and then he says that He's moved by His mercy and compassion and He's going to forgive the son that He loves. He says how can I give you up, Ephraim? My heart churns inside of Me all my compassion is aroused. And so while God did allow Israel to be conquered by Assyria face the consequences... that's not God's final word there's still hope. And that's what the last chapter is about. Hosea calls Israel to repent and turn back to their God but he knows that it won't last because it never has before. And God says that one day He will heal their waywardness and love them freely. God goes on to describe this new healed Israel as a lush tree that will grow deep roots and broad branches and offer shade and fruit to all of the nations. It's an image of God's promise to Abraham - how Israel was to become a blessing to the nations and God is saying if that's ever going to happen it's going to require an act of God's grace and healing power to repair the deep brokenness and sinful selfishness of the human heart so that God's people can receive His love and love Him in return. This is what God promises to do. After this poem concludes we find the very last words of the book. They´re like an appended note. They're likely from the author who collected Hosea´s poetry and now wants to speak to you the reader for a second and he says who is wise and discerning to understand all of this, in other words, Hosea´s poems. The ways of the Lord are right. The righteous walk in them, but the rebellious stumble in them, so the author wants you to know that Hosea´s ancient poetry to northern Israel is not locked in the past. It reveals deep truth about God's character and purposes and human nature and while God should and does bring His justice on human evil, His ultimate purpose, His heart, is to heal and to save His people and that's what the book of Hosea is all about.