BibleProject - Old Testament - Lesson 24

Isaiah (Part 2) - BibleProject

In this lesson on Isaiah, you will gain a deeper understanding of the historical background and context surrounding the time of the prophet Isaiah. You will learn about the literary features, including the unique style and language used in this part of the book. The lesson will also cover the major themes and messages, such as God's judgment and salvation, hope and restoration, and the role of the Servant of the Lord. Finally, you will explore the significance of Isaiah in the Old Testament and its impact on the original audience, as well as its contributions to a larger understanding of the Old Testament.

Taught by a Team
Taught by a Team
BibleProject - Old Testament
Lesson 24
Watching Now
Isaiah (Part 2) - BibleProject

BP100-24: Isaiah Part 2

I. Historical Background and Context of Isaiah Part 2

A. Introduction

B. Time Period and Geopolitical Landscape

C. The Role of the Prophet Isaiah

II. Literary Features of Isaiah Part 2

A. Style and Language

B. Structure and Outline

III. Major Themes and Messages of Isaiah Part 2

A. God's Judgment and Salvation

B. Hope and Restoration

C. The Servant of the Lord

IV. Significance of Isaiah Part 2 in the Old Testament

A. Contributions to a Larger Understanding of the Old Testament

B. Impact on the Original Audience

  • By watching this video, you will gain a comprehensive understanding of the Old Testament, including its literary design and flow of thought. You will learn about the different sections of the Old Testament, including the Pentateuch, Historical Books, Wisdom Literature, Major Prophets, and Minor Prophets. You will also gain insights into the stories, themes, and messages of each of these sections and how they contribute to the overall narrative of God's relationship with humanity.
  • By studying Genesis, you will gain a deeper understanding of the Old Testament and its key themes and characters, as well as the literary features of the book, such as its structure, style, and genre. The creation story is a key part of the book, as are the stories of Abraham and the patriarchs, the fall and sin, the flood and Noah, and God's covenant with Israel. Additionally, Genesis introduces readers to the Old Testament and sets the stage for the Pentateuch and Books of Moses, while also introducing many themes and motifs that continue throughout the Bible.
  • Discover the captivating stories of the patriarchs in Genesis Part 2, exploring themes of covenant, God's sovereignty, human responsibility, faith, and obedience.
  • Explore the Bible's book of Exodus to gain insight into God's rescue of the Israelites from slavery in Egypt, the significance of the covenant and law, and its connection to the New Testament.
  • Gain insight into the book of Exodus and its themes of salvation and redemption, revealing God's character through his interactions with Israel, with significant influence on Jewish and Christian traditions and connections to the New Testament through its foreshadowing of Jesus Christ.
  • By studying Leviticus with The Bible Project, you will gain a comprehensive understanding of the historical and literary context, themes, and structure of this important book in the Old Testament. You will also learn about the significance of Leviticus for understanding the Torah and its relevance for Christians today.
  • By studying The Bible Project's lesson on Numbers, you'll comprehensively understand its structure, themes, and significance, gaining insight into the journey of the Israelites in the wilderness, God's guidance, rebellion, priesthood, and offerings, as well as its historical, theological, and contemporary relevance.
  • Explore Numbers' authorship, context, structure, and theology to gain a comprehensive understanding of its significance to the Pentateuch and the Old Testament, as well as its relevance to the Christian faith today.
  • You will gain knowledge and insight into the book of Joshua, including its historical context, literary genre, and summary. You will learn about the book's themes, such as God's faithfulness, obedience, and judgment, and its significance in foreshadowing Christ's work and providing historical and theological implications.
  • Explore the historical and cultural context, literary design, and theological significance of the book of Judges in the Old Testament, and learn how it fits into the broader biblical storyline, including its relevance for today.
  • Explore the Book of Ruth to understand its historical context, literary features, themes of loyalty and faithfulness, redemption, the kinsman-redeemer's role, and its Old Testament significance.
  • Studying the Book of Samuel provides insight into the rise of the Israelite monarchy, the lives of Saul and David, and the importance of obedience to God, covering themes of leadership and kingship with the presence of the Ark of the Covenant.
  • By exploring the story of Absalom in 2 Samuel and the broader context of the Old Testament Historical Books, you will gain insight into the themes and messages of these books, as well as their historical and modern-day significance.
  • Through the study of 1 Kings and 2 Kings, you will gain a deeper understanding of the history of Israel and Judah, as well as valuable spiritual lessons from these Old Testament books.
  • By studying this lesson, you understand the historical and literary aspects of 1 and 2 Chronicles, emphasizing God's sovereignty, covenant faithfulness, worship, and obedience.
  • Through this lesson, you grasp the historical context, key themes, and modern applications of the books of Ezra and Nehemiah, enriching your understanding of faith, community, and commitment to God's Word.
  • You will gain an understanding of the book of Esther, a narrative in the Hebrew Bible that tells the story of a Jewish woman named Esther who becomes queen in the Persian court and, with the help of her cousin Mordecai, saves the Jews from genocide orchestrated by the villain Haman. The story highlights God's sovereignty and providential care, and the feast of Purim celebrates the Jews' victory.
  • By studying the Book of Job, you will explore the complexities of human suffering, the search for divine wisdom, and the tension between God's sovereignty and human limitations within a unique literary structure.
  • You will gain a comprehensive understanding of the book of Psalms, including its background, structure, authorship, and theology. You will also learn about the various themes and motifs present in the Psalms, which will help you better understand and appreciate this important book in the Old Testament.
  • By studying Proverbs, you will understand the definition and purpose of wisdom, the fear of the Lord, and the personification of wisdom in the book. You will also gain insights into the literary structure of Proverbs and the themes of the book, including the importance of listening to wisdom, the power of words, and the value of hard work.
  • In the Ecclesiastes lesson, you gain insights into the book's structure, themes, and significance, while exploring the search for meaning, vanity, and the importance of fearing God and enjoying life.
  • You will gain an understanding of the literary features, interpretation, theology, and application of the book Song of Songs, including its authorship, historical and cultural context, allegorical and literal interpretation, and its teachings on God and human love, sexuality, and relationships.
  • Through this lesson, you gain insight into Isaiah's historical context, literary features, major themes, and its significance in the Old Testament.
  • Discover how Isaiah's prophetic message of judgment and hope for Jerusalem evolves, as it predicts the fall of Israel's kingdom and envisions a new, purified Jerusalem where God's kingdom will be restored through a future messianic king, uniting all nations in peace.
  • Through this lesson, you will gain understanding of the book of Jeremiah, including its historical and cultural context, literary features, major themes and message, and significance in the Old Testament.
  • In this lesson, you learn about the Book of Lamentations, its structure, themes, and the role of God in the midst of suffering and divine judgment, while ultimately highlighting His faithfulness and mercy.
  • In the book of Ezekiel, you follow the story of a priest named Ezekiel who has a vision of God's glory riding on a royal throne chariot, and is commissioned by God to accuse Israel of rebellion and warn them of their impending destruction due to their covenant violations and rampant social injustice, while also providing a small glimmer of hope for the future.
  • By viewing this lesson on Daniel, you will gain understanding of its structure, themes, and significance in the Old Testament, gaining knowledge about living as faithful exiles in a hostile culture, God's sovereignty and faithfulness in times of trial, and remaining faithful to God even in difficult circumstances.
  • Through this lesson, you grasp the complexities of Hosea, discovering the book's themes, messages, and its role in the Old Testament, emphasizing the relationship between Israel's unfaithfulness and God's unwavering love.
  • By studying the book of Joel, you will gain insight into the historical and cultural context of Judah, the literary features of prophetic literature, and the themes of repentance, restoration, and the Day of the Lord. Joel's prophecy also has significance in the New Testament as it is quoted by Peter at Pentecost, emphasizing the fulfillment of Joel's vision through the outpouring of the Holy Spirit.
  • In the Amos lesson, you explore its historical context, literary features, and themes, enhancing your understanding of justice, the Day of the Lord, and God's sovereignty within the Old Testament.
  • By studying Obadiah, you will gain insight into the historical context and literary features of this prophetic oracle. You will learn about the pride of Edom, their judgment, and the hope for Israel. Through understanding the significance of Obadiah in the Old Testament, you will have a deeper appreciation for the themes and message of this book.
  • Through this lesson, you gain insight into Jonah's themes, including God's mercy, human rebellion, repentance, and the significance of mission, while also understanding its connections to other biblical narratives.
  • Studying the book of Micah will give you an understanding of its historical context, literary genre, prophetic message of judgment and restoration, and insights into God's character and how He interacts with His people.
  • In this lesson, you gain insight into the historical context, structure, and themes of the book of Nahum, learning about God's sovereignty, justice, and the relevance of these concepts in today's world.
  • Studying Habakkuk will deepen your understanding of how to wrestle with difficult questions about God's character and the problem of evil and respond with faith and trust in God's sovereignty.
  • In this lesson, you explore the book of Zephaniah, gaining insights into its background, context, literary features, themes, and significance in the Old Testament, including the central message of the Day of the Lord and the promise of future hope.
  • You will gain an in-depth understanding of the Book of Haggai, including its historical and cultural context, literary structure, purpose and themes, individual sections, and theological significance in relation to the Exile, Restoration, and Messiah.
  • In this lesson, you gain insights into Zechariah's historical context, structure, themes of restoration, the coming Messiah, God's sovereignty, and its significance in the Old Testament.
  • Discover the last book of the Old Testament and its themes, such as God's love for Israel, the importance of worship, and the coming of the messenger and the day of the Lord, as well as its connection to the New Testament, which prophesies the coming of John the Baptist and Jesus and calls for a return to God.

BP100-24 Isaiah (Part 2)

The book of the prophet Isaiah In the first video we explored chapters 1 to 39 Which was Isaiah's message of judgment and hope for Jerusalem He accused Israel´s leader of rebellion against God and said that through Assiria and then Babylon Israel´s kingdom would come crashing down in an act of God´s judgment and so chapter 39 concluded with Isaiah predicting Jerusalem´s fall to babylon and the exile and a hundred years after Isaiah it all sadly came to pass but Isaiah´s greater hope was for a new purified Jerusalem where God´s kingdom would be restored through the future messianic king and all nations would come together in peace and so chapters 40 and following explore this great hope the first main section chapters 40 through 48 open with an announcement of hope and comfort for Israel the people are told that the babylonian exile is over and that Israel´s sin has been dealt with and a new era is beginning so they should all return home to Jerusalem where God himself will bring his kingdom and all nations will see his glory Now stop for a moment because this opening announcement raises a big question that is ¿who is saying all of this? who´s voice are we hearing in these words of hope? the perspective of the profet in these chapters is that of somebody whose living after the exile in other words in the time period described by Ezra and Nehemiah but Isaiah died 150 years before any of that so what are we supposed to make of this Oh they´re many who think that is still Isaiah in his own day speaking but that he´s been profetically transported--so to speak-- 200 years into the future and that he is speaking to the future generations as if the exile has passed however the book of Isaiah itself gives us some clues that something else is probably going on in chapters 8 and 29 and 30 we´re told that after Isaiah was rejected by Israel´s leaders that he wrote and sealed up in a scroll all of his messages of judgement and hope and that he passed it on to his disciples as a witness for days to come eventually Isaiah died waiting for God to vindicate his words. Now remember chapters 1 to 39 were designed to show us that Isaiah predictions of judgement were fulfilled in the exile, he´s a true prophet. And so after exile is over Isaiah´s disciples who have treasured his words for so long open up the scroll and began applying his words of hope to their own day so on this view the book of Isaiah consist of that first collection of Isaiah´s words as well as the writings of his profethic disciples that God uses to extend Isaiah´s message of hope to future generations whichever view you end up taking everybody agrees that these chapters are announcing that the future hope has come, that God is fulfiling Isaiah´s prophetic promises and so the prophet hopes that Israel will respond by becoming God´s servant that is after experiencing God´s justice and mercy through history that they will now begin to share with the nations who God truly is but that´s not what´s happening Israel instead of bearing witness to the nations is actually complaining and even accusing God. They say:"the lord doesn´t pay attention to our trouble in fact he´s ignoring our calls. The babylonian exile -- and understandably-- caused Israel to lose faith in their God. I mean maybe he is not that powerfull, maybe the gods of babylon are way greater than our God and so the rest of these chapters 41 to 47 are set up like a trial scene God is responding to this doubts and accusations with the following arguments: he says first: that the exile to babylon was not divine neglect rather it was divinely orchestrated as a judgement for Israel´s sin and second it was for Israel´s sake that God raised up Persia to conquer babylon so they could come back home fulfilling Isaiah´s words So the right conclusion that Israel should draw is that their God is the king of history not the idols of the nations. In the fall of Babylon and the raise of persian king Sirus Israel should see God´s hand at work and so become his servant telling the nations who he is But by the end of the trial chapter 48 we find that Israel is still as rebellious and hardhearted as their ancestors as so God disqualifies them as his servant but God´s still is on a mission to bless the nations and so so the prophets says God´s going to a new thing to solve this problem which moves into the next section 49 to 55. We´re introduced to a figure who´s called God´s servant who´s going to fulfill God´s mission and do what Israel has failed to do. God gives this servant the title Israel, and sends this person on a mission to -first of all- restore the people of Israel back to their God, but second to become God´s light to the nations. and we´re told that this servant is empowered by God´s spirit to announce good news and to bring God´s kingdom over all of the nations it sounds just like the messianic king from chapters 9 and 11, but then we learn the surprising way of how this servant will bring God´s kingdom he is going to be rejected, and beaten and ultimately killed by his own people in reality as he´s been accused and sentenced to death he is dying on behalf of the sin of his own people the prophet says the servant´s death is the sacrifice of atonement for the people´s evil and rebelion and then after his death, all of a sudden, the servant is just Alive again, and we hear that by his death he provided a way to make people righteous That is to put them in a right relationship with God and so this section concludes by describing two ways people can respond to the servant some will respond with humility and turn from their sins and accept what God´s servant did on their behalf these people are called "the servants" and also " the seed" remember the holy seed from chapter 6 these are the ones who will experience the blessing of the messianic kingdom but there are others who are called simply "the wicked" they reject both the servant and his servants which brings us to the final sections of the book 56 to 66 where the servants inherit God´s kingdom these chapters are beautifuly designed as a simetry that brings together all of the themes of the book at the very center are three beautiful poems that describe how the spirit empowered servant is announcing the good news of God´s kingdom to the poor and he reafirms all of the promises of hope from earlier in the book the new Jerusalem inhabited by God´s servants will be the place from which God´s justice and mercy and blessings flow out to all the nations of the world and surrounding these poems are to long prayers of repentance where the servants confess Israel´s sin and they griev over all of the evil they see in the world arround them and so they ask God to forgive them and that his kingdom would come here on earth as it is on heaven now in each side of these prayers are collections of more poems that contrast the destiny of the servants with that of the wicked who prosecute them. God says he´s going to bring his justice to all who pollute his good world with their evil and selfishness and idolatry and it is going to remove them from his city forever but the servants those who are humble before God and who repent and own their evil they are forgiven they will inherit the new Jerusalem which we discover is an image for an entirely renewed creation were death and suffering are gone forever and this brings us to the very outter frame of this part of the book in this renewed world of God´s kingdom people from all nations are invited to come and join the servants of God´s covenant family so that everyone could know their creator and redemer and so the book of Isaiah end with a very grand vision of the fulfilment of all of God´s covenant promises through the suffering servant king God creates a covenant family of all nations who are awaiting the hope of God´s justice and bringing a renewed creation where God´s kingdom finally comes here on earth as it is in heaven and that´s the very powerful hope of the book of Isaiah.