Essentials of Old Testament Theology - Lesson 4

God and His Anointed One

Theme of the Davidic Messiah.

Paul House
Essentials of Old Testament Theology
Lesson 4
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God and His Anointed One

God and His Anointed One

The NT preaches (see Ac 14, 17, etc.) that God the creator sent to and through his people Israel an anointed one whose resurrection means he will judge the world. Those who repent toward God and have faith in the anointed one (Jesus) receive forgiveness, the Holy Spirit to give power to live for God according to his standards (not theirs), the Holy Spirit and eternal life instead of divine wrath on “that day” of judgment. So God reveals himself and his plans for people in the gospel (see Peter Jensen, The Revelation of God).

I. Roots of the Promise: The Law

  • Defeat of sin by a woman's seed (Ge 3:15)
  • Blessing of all nations by Abraham's seed (Ge 12:1-9)
  • Rule of Israel by Judah's seed (Ge 49:8-10)
  • Successor of Moses (Dt 18:15ff)

II. Expression of the Promise: The Prophets

Note the individual and corporate scope of:

  • An eternal kingdom of God's servant David (2 Sa 7:1-17)
  • A perfect ruler of Israel and the nations (Isa 9:1-7)
  • A complete sacrifice for the sins of the nations (Isa 52:13-53:12)
  • A teacher healer for “the poor” (Isa 61:1-3; Lk 4:16-21)

III. Application of the Promise: The Writings

  • Declared and praised as son of David (Ps 2), priest like Melchizedek (Ps 110), and servant of David (Ps 132). This is anticipatory worship. It is preincarnation worship.
  • Declared the son of man who receives the kingdom from the ancient of days (Dn 7: 13-14). This is lively hope in an exilic context.
  • Declared the anchor of Israel's future hope (1 Chr 17). This is belief/faith entrenched in historical reality.

All Lessons

These two and a half hours of foundation-level lectures will introduce you to the beauty of the Old Testament and its major themes. They are summaries of Dr. House's full Old Testament Theology class available in the BT Institute.