Essentials of Christian Apologetics - Lesson 2


Ronald Nash
Essentials of Christian Apologetics
Lesson 2
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Reformed Epistemology


I. Is it necessary to prove the existence of God?

A. Debate between Alvin Plantinga and Antony Flew

B. Evidentialist Challenge


II. Background

A. Innate Ideas

B. Thomas Reid

C. Belief Dispositions

1. External World

2. Other Minds

3. Memory Beliefs

D. Alvin Plantinga


III. Evidentialism - Three Premises

A. It is irrational to accept theistic belief in the absence of sufficient evidence.

B. There is insufficient evidence to support belief in God.

C. Therefore, belief in God is irrational.


IV. Plantinga's Rejection of Evidentialism

A. Fatal Flaw #1 - Belief dispositions

B. Fatal Flaw #2 - Self-defeating thesis

For more information, see:

The full course, Christian Apologetics,

Lecture #3 Postmodern Irrationalism

Lecture #5 Worldview Issues

Lecture #6 Rationality of Belief in God

Nash, Faith and Reason, pp. 69-79

All Lessons

These lessons are a summary of Dr. Nash's introductory course to Christian Apologetics. The full seminary level class is available in our Institute.