BibleProject Luke-Acts Series - Lesson 4

The Crucifixion of Jesus (Luke 19-23) - BibleProject

In this lesson, you will learn about Jesus' final week of ministry leading up to his crucifixion. Jesus arrives in Jerusalem to great fanfare, but he is also deeply troubled by the impending events. He cleanses the temple and stages a prophetic protest against the corrupt religious leaders, who plot to have him killed. During the Passover celebration, Jesus uses the symbols of broken bread and wine to foreshadow his sacrificial death. He is arrested, tried, and sentenced to crucifixion by the Roman governor, Pontius Pilate, who releases an actual rebel, Barabbas, in Jesus' place. As Jesus is crucified, he forgives his enemies and offers hope to a criminal beside him. Ultimately, he dies an innocent man, fulfilling his mission to bring a new future for Israel and humanity.
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Taught by a Team
BibleProject Luke-Acts Series
Lesson 4
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The Crucifixion of Jesus (Luke 19-23) - BibleProject

BP160-04: Jesus' Work and Ministry

I. Jesus' Arrival in Jerusalem

A. Riding a Donkey and Royal Treatment

B. Expectations and Jesus' Distress

II. Jesus' Actions in Jerusalem

A. Cleansing the Temple

B. Prophetic Protest and Opposition

III. Passover and Jesus' Death

A. Passover Symbols and Jesus' Sacrifice

B. Jesus' Arrest and Trial

IV. Crucifixion and Death of Jesus

A. Jesus' Innocence and Barabbas' Release

B. Jesus' Forgiveness and Final Moments

  • In this lesson, you learn about the events surrounding Jesus' birth in the Gospel of Luke, the humble beginnings that foreshadow his kingdom, and how his arrival signifies a world order turned upside down, exalting the poor and humble.
  • In this lesson, you gain insight into Jesus' ministry, his teachings on freedom and radical living, the appointment of his twelve disciples, and his role as the ultimate prophet, as portrayed in the Gospel of Luke.
  • Through Jesus' journey to Jerusalem, you learn how his teachings and parables challenge traditional values, create communities of love and forgiveness, and demonstrate God's mercy for all, even those who have strayed from the path.
  • Through Jesus' final week in Jerusalem, you'll discover his prophetic protest, arrest, and crucifixion, highlighting his innocence and unwavering love for humanity, as he ushers in a new future for Israel and all people.
  • In this lesson, you learn about Jesus' death, resurrection, and ascension as depicted in Luke's Gospel, revealing the transformative power of his message and the necessity for a new understanding of his kingdom, ultimately setting the stage for the continuation of the story in the Book of Acts.
  • In the Book of Acts, you learn about the fulfillment of God's promises through Jesus, the significance of Pentecost, and the challenges faced by early followers of Jesus. As you explore the events and stories in Acts, you will gain insight into how Jesus' kingdom continued to grow despite persecution and adversity.
  • Through the stories of unexpected converts, Saul's transformation, and the formation of the church in Antioch, you'll learn how the Jesus movement expanded from a small group of Jewish followers to a multi-ethnic community spreading throughout the world.
  • By studying the Apostle Paul's life and travels, you'll gain insight into his dedication to spreading Jesus' message throughout the Roman Empire, despite facing opposition and hardship, and how his teachings transformed people's lives and created new communities of believers living under Jesus' rule.
  • This lesson explores Paul's journey to Jerusalem and Rome, where he faced trials and imprisonment but continued to spread the good news of Jesus' kingdom. You will gain insight into the transformation of Saul into Paul, his mission to unify diverse communities, and the open-ended conclusion of Acts, which invites participation in the ongoing growth of Jesus' kingdom.
BP160-04 - The Crucifixion of Jesus (Luke 19-23) So, we are walking through the Gospel of Luke. We have reached the end of Jesus' long road trip to Jerusalem. He has arrived. He rides a donkey down the Mount of Olives towards the city. All these crowds are forming and people are singing: "Praise the king who comes in the name of the Lord!" They are laying down their cloaks in front of him. Why all this royal treatment? Israel's ancient prophets promised that one day God himself would arrive and rescue his people and rule the world. Other times, the prophets spoke about a coming king who would ride into Jerusalem to bring justice and peace. So Jesus is activating all these hopes that he is that king, and everyone is ecstatic. Well, not everybody. The religious leaders, they think Jesus is a threat to their power. So they are not happy. Even more striking, Jesus himself is distraught. He is actually weeping as he rides. Yeah, why? Well, Jesus can see what is coming. He knows that he won't be accepted as Israel's king. And he knows that Israel will keep going down the destructive path, neglecting the poor, stirring up rebellion against their Roman oppressors. He knows that it will lead to death. It breaks his heart. And, it riles him up. First thing he does in Jerusalem is marching to the temple courts. He drives out the money changers, disrupting the entire sacrificial system. Yeah, he is staging a prophetic protest. He stands in the center of the courtyard shouting out words from Israel's ancient prophets. "This is supposed to be a place of worship, but you have made it a den of rebels!" A den of rebels? Yeah, he is quoting from the prophet Jeremiah who stood in this same spot, the center of Israel's religious and political power, and he offered the same critique of Israel's leaders: that they are rebellious and corrupt. They get the message and start to plan to have him killed. Which is no surprise to Jesus. In fact, he planned that all of this would happen during Passover. This is the Holy Week when Jewish people celebrate their ancient story of how God liberated them from slavery and invited them into a covenant relationship. So Jesus uses the symbols of Passover to reveal the meaning of his coming death. The broken bread was his broken body. And the wine was his blood that would establish a new covenant relationship between God and Israel. Jesus was going to die for his people and open up a new way forward. After the meal, Jesus takes his disciples to a garden to pray. And he struggles with the very human desire to save his life instead of sacrificing it. But he overcomes this temptation. It is here where the religious leaders with the temple guards find him and arrest him. Now, Jerusalem was being ruled by the Roman Empire. So, the temple leaders could not execute Jesus without permission from their Roman governor, a man named Pontius Pilate So they make up this charge that Jesus is a rebel king, stirring up revolution against the Roman Emperor. Pilate asks Jesus, "Are you the King of the Jews?" Jesus answers, "You say so." Pilate can see that Jesus is an innocent man and he does not deserve death. But the leaders keep insisting that he is dangerous. So they negotiate a compromise. Pilate will release an actual rebel against Rome, a man named Barabbas, instead of Jesus. So the innocent is handed over in the place of the guilty. Jesus is taken away with two other accused criminals and nailed to a Roman execution device. People are mocking him. "Hey, if you're the messianic king, save yourself and us." But Jesus loved his enemies to the very end, offering hope to one of the criminals dying beside him. He even prayed for his executors, "Father, forgive them. They don't know what they are doing." Then the sky darkened as an innocent man died the death of a rebel. And then Jesus cried out with ancient words from Israel's Psalms, "Father, into your hands I commit my spirit." And then Jesus died, innocent and alone.