BibleProject New Testament Series - Lesson 12

Romans (Part 2) - BibleProject

In this lesson, the instructors continue their study of the book of Romans, focusing on the themes of the gospel, Israel, and ethics. They begin by reviewing the content of Romans (Part 1) before moving on to discuss the righteousness of God, the role of faith, and the power of the Spirit in the gospel. They also explore the significance of Israel in God's plan, discussing topics such as Israel's unbelief, the remnant of Israel, and God's sovereign choice. Finally, they examine the ethical implications of the gospel, emphasizing the importance of love, submission to authority, and unity in the body of Christ.
Taught by a Team
Taught by a Team
BibleProject New Testament Series
Lesson 12
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Romans (Part 2) - BibleProject

I. Overview of Romans

A. Paul's Core Ideas in Chapters 1-4

B. Paul's Development of Ideas in Chapters 5-8

C. God's Plan for Israel in Chapters 9-11

D. Unity in the Church in Chapters 12-16

II. Chapters 1-4: All humanity is trapped in sin and needs rescue

A. Paul's Introduction

B. The Futility of Human Efforts

C. God's Righteousness Revealed

D. Abraham as an Example of Faith

III. Chapters 5-8: Jesus created a new covenant family of Abraham through his death and resurrection and the sending of the Spirit

A. The New Covenant of Grace

B. Adam and Jesus Contrasted

C. The Role of the Torah

D. The Holy Spirit

IV. Chapters 9-11: God's Plan for Israel

A. Paul's Anguish for Israel

B. Israel's Past and Future

V. Chapters 12-16: Unity in the Church

A. Living Sacrifices

B. Love in Action

C. Disputable Matters

D. Final Greetings

  • You will gain a comprehensive understanding of the literary design, purpose, themes, and messages of each book in the New Testament, including the four Gospels, Acts of the Apostles, epistles of Paul, general epistles, and the book of Revelation.
  • You will gain a comprehensive understanding of the book of Matthew 1-13 through this lesson, including the literary design of the book, the flow of thought in each chapter, and the key themes and events. The lesson highlights the importance of Jesus' role in bringing God's kingdom to earth and inviting his disciples into a new way of life.
  • You will gain knowledge and insight into the Gospel book of Matthew through an overview of the first 13 chapters. You will learn how Matthew presents Jesus as the king who brings God's kingdom to earth, and how his disciples are invited to participate in this new way of life through his death and resurrection. You will also discover the central theme of the kingdom of God in Matthew, its relationship with the Church, and the call to discipleship and obedience.
  • Gain insight into the book of Mark's literary design and flow of thought, as well as Jesus' role as Israel's Messiah, inaugurating God's kingdom through his suffering, death, and resurrection.
  • By studying the Gospel of Luke, you will gain knowledge of the authorship, purpose, themes, and literary features of the Gospel, as well as a deep understanding of Luke 1-2, which narrates the miraculous births of John the Baptist and Jesus and provides models of faith and obedience. You will discover how Luke emphasizes the universality of God's love and the role of the Holy Spirit in empowering Jesus and his followers.
  • Luke's Gospel portrays Jesus as the fulfillment of God's promises told in the Old Testament, bringing the good news of God's kingdom to the poor, teaching his disciples about prayer, trust, and generosity, continuing his mission to the poor and social outsiders, celebrating God's mercy for the lost and the tragic resistance of Israel's leaders, and ultimately dying on the cross as an embodiment of God's love and mercy.
  • In the Gospel of John, the first half of the book tells stories of Jesus performing miraculous signs that lead to controversy, culminating in the raising of Lazarus and his rejection by Israel's leaders, all of which prepare us to understand Jesus as the Messiah, teacher of Israel, and Son of God who offers a new quality of life through belief in Him.
  • You will gain insights into Jesus' ministry and teachings, including the seven signs of Jesus' public ministry and his private ministry, which include the washing of the disciples' feet, farewell discourse, and high priestly prayer.
  • This lesson provides comprehensive insight into the introduction and context of the book of Acts, the early church in Jerusalem, and the gospel going to the Gentiles.
  • You will learn about the book of Acts, covering chapters 13-28, which includes Paul's missionary journeys, the Jerusalem Council, and his journey to Rome, and learn about the debates and decisions made by the apostles and elders, as well as gain insights into Paul's ministry and travels.
  • In Paul's Letter to the Romans, he explains how the gospel reveals God's righteousness, creates a new humanity fulfilling God's promise to Israel, and unifies the church, with chapters one through four laying the foundation for understanding the rest of the letter, which emphasizes that all humanity is hopelessly trapped in sin and needs to be rescued through faith in Jesus.
  • In Paul's letter to the Romans, he explores the idea that all humanity is trapped in sin and needs to be rescued through Jesus' death and resurrection, and that being in the family of Abraham means being a part of a new humanity that God is creating through Jesus and the Spirit, with the purpose of rescuing and renewing all of creation.
  • Explore 1 Corinthians to gain insights into complex problems faced by the church and how Paul responds through the gospel. Learn about unity, sexual integrity, love, worship order, and the resurrection as the foundation of hope in the future. Understand the gospel's application to all aspects of life.
  • In 2 Corinthians, you will learn about Paul's efforts to reconcile with the Corinthians, address their forgotten generosity, and confront the "super apostles" who undermine his authority, revealing the paradox of the cross and its implications for a transformed life.
  • You will gain an understanding of the background, context, and content of Galatians, including the false teaching that prompted Paul's letter, his defense of his gospel and authority, the role of the law in God's promise to Abraham, and the importance of living by the Spirit and bearing the fruit of the Spirit.
  • Gain insights into the book of Ephesians, which emphasizes the creation of unified, ethnically diverse communities through devotion to Jesus and each other.
  • This lesson on Philippians will provide you with a comprehensive understanding of its background, authorship, themes, literary features, detailed analysis of each chapter, and significance in Christian theology and impact on the church.
  • By studying Colossians, you will gain understanding of the book's authorship, background, and theological themes such as Christology, spiritual maturity, and the new humanity in Christ and how to practically apply the teachings of Colossians to the church and daily life.
  • By studying this lesson on the book of 1 Thessalonians, you will gain understanding of its background, themes, purpose, literary features, and application. You will learn about the historical and cultural relevance of the book and its personal and spiritual significance for us today.
  • You will gain an understanding of the background, purpose, and themes of 2 Thessalonians, as well as an in-depth exegesis of the text. The application of the book to historical and cultural contexts, as well as its relevance for today, is also explored.
  • This lesson provides comprehensive insights into the book of 1 Timothy, including its background, themes, and significance in the New Testament, such as its contribution to understanding church leadership and worship, the historical context of the early church, and its application for modern church life.
  • In 2 Timothy, Paul writes to Timothy from prison, urging him to stay strong in the face of persecution and to confront corrupt teachers who are causing problems in the church in Ephesus.
  • This lesson on the book of Titus provides a comprehensive understanding of its background, authorship, purpose, structure, themes, and significance, enabling you to appreciate its contributions to the New Testament, its impact on the original audience, and its relevance to the Church today.
  • Gain insights into Paul's letter to Philemon about forgiveness and reconciliation with his runaway slave, challenging assumptions about social justice and inequality, and highlighting Paul's commitment to pastoral care and reconciliation.
  • This lesson on Hebrews covers the authorship, purpose, literary genre, Christology, eschatology, and theology of the book, providing insights into Jesus as the Son of God, High Priest, and Perfect Sacrifice, the concept of Rest, Warning Passages, and the Superiority of Christ and the New Covenant, the Importance of Faith and Obedience, and the Perseverance of the Saints.
  • In the Book of James, you will explore the wisdom of Jesus' teachings and the Book of Proverbs, examining themes such as faith and works, the power of words, wealth, poverty, and wisdom, ultimately learning to live according to the "Perfect Torah of Freedom."
  • Through participating in this lesson, you will learn about 1 Peter, including information on its authorship and date, recipients and purpose, theological themes, literary features, and application. The lesson covers the book's historical and cultural context, as well as its contemporary relevance, and provides insights into how it speaks to topics such as suffering and glory, holiness and ethics, and Christology and salvation.
  • You will gain understanding of the book of 2 Peter, including its authorship, date, and literary context, as well as its theological themes, interpretation, and application. By studying 2 Peter, you will learn about false teachers and their destruction, the day of the Lord, the second coming of Christ, the certainty of God's promises, and the importance of godly living in contemporary Christian life.
  • You will gain knowledge and insight into the letters of John, including their historical and cultural context, authorship, purpose, literary features, themes, and messages, as well as their significance in the New Testament.
  • The book of Jude emphasizes the importance of contending for the Christian faith and exposes corrupt teachers, using both biblical and non-biblical Jewish texts as examples, ultimately highlighting that obedience to Jesus is the true indicator of genuine belief.
  • You will gain a deeper understanding of the book of Revelation, including its historical and literary context, authorship, purpose, and genre, as well as its structure, themes, and images. Additionally, you will be introduced to different interpretive approaches and learn how to apply the book to your personal life, the church, and culture.
  • This lesson provides an understanding of the book of Revelation, including its structure, content, symbolism, interpretive approaches, message, and relevance, helping you to gain insight into the nature of God, the victory of Christ, the role of the church, and the end of history.
BP150-12 - Romans (Part 2) Paul's letter to the Romans. Check out the first video where we explored who Paul was, why he wrote this letter and where we trace the core ideas of chapters one through four: that all humanity is hopelessly trapped in sin and needs to be rescued. That this rescue is not going to happen by people trying to obey the laws of the Torah. Rather God's righteous character has moved him to rescue the world through Jesus' death and resurrection so that He could create a faith-based multi-ethnic family of Abraham as His people. Now in the remaining three movements of the letter to the Romans Paul is going to develop these ideas even more. So remember Paul's exploration of justification by faith that when people trust Jesus's death and resurrection was for them they're given a new status, the right with God, they're placed in a new family, the covenant people of Abraham, and they're given a new future: the hope of a transformed life. Now Paul wants to show how this reality should reshape every part of our existence because being in this family means being a part of a new humanity that God is creating through Jesus and the Spirit. So Paul goes back to the first human character of the Biblical story, Adam. His name means humanity and Adam like all humanity after him has chosen sin and selfishness and so everyone faces God's judgment because we become slaves to sins influence resulting in death. But then Paul contrast Adam with Jesus who He says is the new Adam, a human who lived in faithful obedience to God shown through His act of sacrificial love and now Jesus offers His life as a gift to others so that they can be justified before God. And so Jesus stands as the head of a new humanity that is being transformed by this gift which leads him to chapter 6. Paul reminds these Christians in Rome that choosing to follow Jesus means leaving their old Adam-like humanity and entering into the new Jesus-like humanity. And their baptism was a sacred symbol of that transition. Their old humanity died with Jesus and their new humanity was raised with Him from the dead. So when a person trust in Jesus their life becomes joined to His life, what's true of Him is now true of them. It's when people accept their identity as Jesus-like humans that they are liberated to become the wholehearted humans who can truly love God and their neighbor. Now, if creating this new humanity was always God's purpose Paul asks in Chapter seven what then was the point of God giving Israel the law or in Hebrew the Torah? Now side note: when Paul uses this word law he sometimes means the storyline and message of the first five books of the Bible. But other times he's more specifically referring to the hundreds of commands given through Moses and that are found in the Torah. The second meaning is Paul's focus here what was the purpose of all those commands? Paul says that the commands of the Torah were good, they showed God's will for how Israel was to live. But, if you read the story line of the Torah Israel broke all those commands: the more laws Israel received, the more they replayed the sin of Adam and rebelled. So even when God gave His people specific moral rules to obey that did not fix the problem of the sinful human heart. And so paradoxically these rules made Israel even more guilty. But Paul says that paradox is the point. God's goal was to make it crystal clear that it's evil that's hijack the human heart and that the Torah good as it is could not do a thing about it. But Paul says in chapter eight the solution has arrived in Jesus and the Spirit. And here's how: the commands of the Torah acted like a magnifying glass, it focused the problem of the human condition into into one place, on the people of Israel. But now, Israel's repre- sentative Jesus, the Messiah, has paid for and dealt with all of that sin through His death and His resurrection. And now Jesus has released His Spirit into His new family to transform their hearts So that they can truly fulfill the call of all the Torah's commands to love God and neighbor. And there's more: God's renewal of human beings is the first step of His larger mission to rescue and renew all of creation making it a place where His love gets the final word. Now you can see how chapters one through eight are long flowy thought here. But it raises some other questions: if all of this was God's purpose what is the current status then of Paul's fellow Israelites who don't acknowledge Jesus as the Messiah? How does this story fulfill God's promises to them? Paul begins in chapter nine with his own anguish over fellow Israelites who don't think Jesus is their Messiah. And it leads him to reflect on Israel in the past from the Old Testament story. And he reminds us that simply being an ethnic Israelite, a physical descendant of Abraham, never made one automatically a faithful member of the Covenant family. Paul shows us how God has always selected a subset from Abraham's family to carry on the line of promise. In this point is that now that line of promise is carried on by those who follow Jesus. He reminds us that for a long time people inside and outside Abraham's family have rejected God's will. He reminds us of the story of Israel in the golden calf and of Pharaohs rebellion. He shows us how God was able to orchestrate events so that people's rejection of Him actually accomplished His redemptive purposes. And so in chapter ten Paul turns his focus to israel in the present; the reason many Israelites reject Jesus is because they're basing their covenant relationship with God on their performance of the commands in the Torah. And so sadly they don't recognize what God has done through Jesus to create a new covenant family on the basis of faith. And so paul asks in chapter 11 what is Israel's future? Has God written off His people? No, he says. There are tons of Jewish people, including himself, who do recognize Jesus as their Messiah but there are also a lot who don't. But God has been able to use their rejection for His own purposes. it's cause the gospel to spread even quicker and farther into the gentile world making the family of Abraham even larger and more multi-ethnic. Paul describes God's covenant family as a big olive tree and the rejecters of Jesus have been broken off so to speak and these Gentiles are like wild branches that have been grafted into the family tree. However, Paul says, one day Jesus will be acknowledged by His own people. He doesn't offer any details about how. Paul simply trust God's character and promise that he won't give up on His covenant people. Which transitions into the final section of the book, chapters 12 to 16. But remember the big picture: because of their faith in Jesus Jews and Gentiles are now together Abraham's family that new humanity that's being transformed by God's Spirit And so this is how God's fulfilling His ancient promises. Therefore the only reasonable response is for these Jews and non-jewish Christians to be unified as the church. In chapter 12 to 13 he shows that this unity will come from a commitment to love and forgive each other. Love will look like everybody using their diverse gifts and talents to serve one another in the church. And will also mean humility and forgiveness; when these different ethnic groups and cultures come together in Jesus conflict is inevitable. And it can only be overcome through the hard work of forgiveness and reconciliation. This is how they will show the greatest of Christian virtues, love, which fulfills the Thora's greatest commands to love God and love your neighbor as yourself. In chapter 14 and 15 he focuses specifically on the issues that are creating ethnic divisions in the Roman Church. These are disputes about the Jewish food laws and the Sabbath. And Paul says, these practices don't define who's in or out of Jesus' family. And people differ over these culturally important but non-essential issues they need to learn how to respect each other's differences. And it's in this way that love will heal and unify Jesus' family. Paul closes the letter by first committing Phobe who's a key leader in the church of Cenchrea. She had the honor of carrying and perhaps even reading this letter aloud to the Roman churches for the first time. Paul then conclude by greeting all the people that he hasn't seen for a long time and that's the end. You can see better now how all the pieces of this letter fit together and show what a profound masterpiece it truely is. That's what the letter to the Romans is all about.