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Lecture 1: Synoptic Problem

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Lesson

The Gospels of Matthew, Mark and Luke record some of the same stories and even use the same wording in sections. They also each have material that is unique, and the chronology is different in some places. Both the purpose of each gospel and the role of oral and written tradition play a role in understanding the similarities and differences.

Outline

I. HOW DO YOU EXPLAIN THE CLOSE SIMILARITIES?

II. AGREEMENTS IN WORDING

A. Children brought to Jesus

1. The Synoptic Problem 3

B. Sadducees question marriage in the resurrection

III. AGREEMENTS IN ORDER

A. Example of events in identical order:

IV. OTHER AGREEMENTS

A. Not chronological

B. Editorial comments

1. Example one:

2. Example two:

C. Use of the Old Testament

V. POSSIBLE EXPLANATIONS

A. Oral tradition

B. Written tradition

VI. LUKE 1:1-4

A. Accounts — written

B. Accounts — oral