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Prison Epistles (Part 2), Pastoral Epistles, Hebrews and James

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Common themes and applications from the Prison Epistles and the Pastoral Epistles are theologically significant as well as practical in their application in daily life. Hebrews emphasizes Jesus as the great High Priest and includes warning passages against committing apostasy. James emphasizes the relationship between faith and works in a way that complements what Paul writes in his letters, even though it sometimes seems contradictory at first. (52 min.)


I. The Prison Epistles (part 2)

A. Exegetical Highlights in Philippians

1. A Personal Letter (1:3-11)

2. Christ’s Example of Humility (2:5-11)

3. The Impossibility of Denying the Lordship of Christ (2:10)

4. A Brief Biography of Paul (3:4-6)

5. God’s Sovereignty and Man’s Responsibility (2:12-13)

6. Promises about Prayer & the Peace of God (4:4-7)

7. The Strengthening Grace of God (4:13)

B. Key Theological Themes

C. Key Applications

II. The Pastoral Epistles

A. Background

1. The Books: 1 Timothy, 2 Timothy, and Titus

2. The Author: Paul

3. Dates: AD 62-68

4. Recipients: Timothy and Titus

B. Exegetical Highlights

1. Criteria for Church Leaders

2. Deacon vs. Elder

3. Additional Topics

C. Theological Themes and Application

III. Hebrews

A. Background

1. Author: Unknown

2. Recipients: Unknown

B. An Outline of Hebrews

1. The Supremacy of Christ (1:1-14)

2. The Five Warning Passages (2:1-4; 4:12-13; 6:4-8; 10:26-31; 12:25-29)

3. Jesus as the Great High Priest (2:17-18; 4:14-15:10; 7:1–8:13)

4. The Supremacy of the New Covenant (8:1-13)

5. The Nature of Faith (10:19-12:3)

C. Key Theological Themes in Hebrews

1. Christ alone is sufficient for salvation (1:1-4).

2. Do not fall away (5:11-6:12).

D. Key Applications from Hebrews

IV. James

A. Background

1. Author: James, the half-brother of Jesus

2. Recipients: Jewish Christians in the Diaspora

3. Date: A.D. 44-49


B. Three Key Topics of James

1. Trials and Temptations

2. Wisdom and Speech

3. The Right Use of Riches

C. A Subordinate Topic in James: Faith vs. Works

1. Different Definitions of Faith

2. Different Views of Works

3. Different Problems Being Addressed

D. Key Applications from James

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