Zuzim

ZUZIM zōō’ zĭm, a pre-Israelite tribe of Syria-Pal. mentioned in Genesis 14:5 only as one of the nations overthrown by the Elamite king Chedorlaomer. Most authorities equate them with the Zamzummim (q.v.) of Deuteronomy but there are several objections to this assumption. 1. In Genesis 14:5 they are mentioned with the Rephaim while in Deuteronomy 2:20 the Zamzummim are the Rephaim. 2. The temporal span between the two passages is quite large; Chedorlaomer is a contemporary of Abram (c. 1850 b.c.), while the reference to the Zamzummim is dated by the same chronological scheme at about 1350 b.c. In the turbulence of this era it is doubtful whether any small tribe would have stayed so long in one place. 3. The Zumim are located in Ham, a place name found nowhere else. Ḥam, Heb. הָ֑ם, is located SW of Irbid (Beth-Arbel) some twenty m. W of Ramoth-Gilead in the district of ’Ağlun. No other mention of these people or their name is presently known; however, the folk etymologies derive their name זּוּזִ֖ים from some verb so that it means “strong ones,” “strong giants.” On this evidence the LXX reads, “ἐθνη ἰσχυρὰ̀,” “strong nations” and the Latin Fathers, “gentes fortes,” all of which are specious.

Article 2

(zuzim; (ethne ischura, "strong nations." So Jerome in Quaest. Hebr.: genres fortes) : A people conquered by Chedorlaomer (Ge 14:5) . They dwelt in Ham, a region not otherwise known but, from the connection, inferred to be East of the Jordan. It may also be inferred that they were a race of giants. They were perhaps to be identified with the Zamzummim.

Article 3

An ancient people who, lying in the path of Chedorlaomer and his allies, were attacked and overthrown by them. (Genesis 14:5) The Zuzim perhaps inhabited the country of the Ammonites, who were identical with the Zamzummim, who are known to have ben exterminated and succeeded in their land by the Ammonites Zamzummim.