ZUR zûr (צ֑וּר, meaning rock) refers to two different people mentioned in the Old Testament:

  • A Midianite leader, father of the woman Cozbi who married an Israel|Israelite named Zimri, of the house of Simeon during the period of wilderness wandering (Num 25:15; 31:8; Josh 13:21) when some of the Israelites became involved in the worship of Moab. Phinehas the grandson of Aaron slew the guilty parties (Num 25:11). Zur met his death in a campaign between Israel and five Midianite princes (Josh 13:21). This may have been during the battles against Sihon and the Amorites.

  • A Benjaminite who lived in Gibeon (1 Chron 8:30; 9:36). He was the son of Jehiel and the brother of Kish, Saul’s father (1 Chron 9:35, 36, 39).
  • Bibliography and Further Reading

    M. Noth, Die israelitischen Personennamen (1928) 37, 156.