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Zerubbabel

ZERUBBABEL (זְרֻבָּבֶ֗ל, Akkad. zer-babili (?) offspring of Babylon (?); LXX Ζοροβαβέλ, G2431, KJV Apoc. ZOROBABEL). A Babylonian Jew who returned to Pal. (Ezra 2:2) after the exile and functioned as the governor of Jerusalem under the Pers. ruler Darius Hystaspes I (522-486 b.c.). Name. There are certain difficulties connected with the identification of Zerubbabel in view of the fact that he has sometimes been regarded as identical with Sheshbazzar (Ezra 1:8 et. al.), and also because of an apparent discrepancy in the genealogical lists of Ezra and Chronicles. He was said to have been the son of Shealtiel (or Salathiel), and the grandson of King Jehoiachin (Ezra 3:2; Hag 1:1; Matt 1:12; Luke 3:27). However, the MT (1 Chron 3:19), though not the LXX, described him as the son of Pedaiah, the brother of Shealtiel. Historical background. Subsequent to the decree of Cyrus in 538 b.c. in which the captive peoples of Babylonia were permitted to return to their own homes, Zerubba