ZEBADIAH (zĕb'a-dī'a, Heb. zevadhyāhû, Jehovah has bestowed)
ZEBADIAH zĕb’ ə dī ə (זְבַדְיָ֨הוּ, or זְבַדְיָ֥ה, meaning Yah(weh) has bestowed. Both forms appear several times in the OT). 1. A Levite of the family of Korah (1 Chron 26:2), one of the gatekeepers for the future temple (זְבַדְיָ֨הוּ).
2. A Levite, one of nine sent by King Jehoshaphat to teach the law in the cities of Judah (2 Chron 17:8, זְבַדְיָ֡הוּ). There were sixteen teachers in all, five princes, nine Levites and two priests (2 Chron 17:7-9).
3. A “governor of the house of Judah, in all the king’s affairs” (2 Chron 19:11 זְבַדְיָ֨הוּ), son of Ishmael, a kind of judge in civil cases whose task it was to decide disputed cases (2 Chron 19:8). See Law, Judge, COURT OF LAW.
4. A Benjaminite descended from Beriah (1 Chron 8:15 זְבַדְיָ֥ה).
5. A Benjaminite descended from Elpael (1 Chron 8:17 זְבַדְיָ֥ה).
6. One of two sons of Jeroham of Gedor of the tribe of Benjamin who joined David at Ziklag (q.v.) (1 Chron 12:7 זְבַדְיָ֛ה).
7. One of David’s army officers, son of Asahel and brother of Joab who had charge of one of the twelve units of his army, each responsible for a month’s military duty (1 Chron 27:7 זְבַדְיָ֥ה).
8. One of those who returned from the Exile in Babylon (q.v.) to Jerusalem with Ezra (Ezra 8:8 זְבַדְיָ֖ה cf. Zaraiah in 1 Esd 8:34).
9. One of those who married foreign wives in the days of Ezra, listed among the priests (Ezra 10:20 זְבַדְיָֽה). With many others he was compelled to put away his foreign wife and her children at the time of Ezra’s reform (cf. 1 Esd 9:21 Zebadiah).
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1915)
(2) zebhadhyah, "Yah has bestowed";
form (1) is the Hebrew name in (1), (a), (b), (2), below; the form (2) in the rest. Some manuscripts have Zechariah in (1), (a), (b), (3)).
Compare ZABDI; ZABDIEL:
(a) a Korahite doorkeeper of David’s reign (1Ch 26:2);
(b) one of the Levites sent by King Jehoshaphat to teach the Torah in Judah (2Ch 17:8).
(2) Son of Ishmael (2Ch 19:11); "ruler of the house of Judah in all the king’s (Jehoshaphat’s) matters," i.e. judge in civil cases, the "controversies" of 2Ch 19:8.
(3) Benjamites, perhaps descended from Ehud (see Curtis, Chron., 158 ff):
(a) In 1Ch 8:15;
(b) in 8:17, where the name may be a dittography from 8:15.
(4) A Benjamite recruit of David at Ziklag (1Ch 12:7 (Hebrew verse 8)).
(5) One of David’s army officers, son and successor of Asahel (1Ch 27:7).
(6) One of those who returned from Babylon to Jerusalem with Ezra (Ezr 8:8) = "Zaraias" of 1 Esdras 8:34.
(7) One of those who had married foreign wives (Ezr 10:20) = "Zabdeus" of 1 Esdras 9:21.