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Zacharias

d.752. Pope from 741; last of the Greek popes. A Greek from Calabria, he was the first pope to be elected without reference to imperial authority. He was noted for his charity, learning, and diplomacy, and for translating the Dialogues of Gregory the Great into Greek. He prevailed upon the Lombard king to abandon an attack upon Ravenna and to return four cities to the Roman duchies. A truce of twenty years was concluded. He wrote the Byzantine emperor Constantine V Copronymos in opposition to iconoclasm. He supported Boniface,* the “apostle to the Germans,” whose mission everywhere extended papal authority. Zacharias had Boniface consecrate Pepin III* (“the Short”) as king of the Franks, replacing the weak Merovingian line, creating the Carolingian-papal alliance, and establishing a precedent to papal claims to the right to make and depose kings. In turn, Pepin recognized the pope as head of the [[Papal States]],* another precedent of lasting significance. Zacharias called synods in