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d.752. Pope from 741; last of the Greek popes. A Greek from Calabria, he was the first pope to be elected without reference to imperial authority. He was noted for his charity, learning, and diplomacy, and for translating the Dialogues of Gregory the Great into Greek. He prevailed upon the Lombard king to abandon an attack upon Ravenna and to return four cities to the Roman duchies. A truce of twenty years was concluded. He wrote the Byzantine emperor Constantine V Copronymos in opposition to iconoclasm. He supported Boniface,* the “apostle to the Germans,” whose mission everywhere extended papal authority. Zacharias had Boniface consecrate Pepin III* (“the Short”) as king of the Franks, replacing the weak Merovingian line, creating the Carolingian-papal alliance, and establishing a precedent to papal claims to the right to make and depose kings. In turn, Pepin recognized the pope as head of the ,* another precedent of lasting significance. Zacharias called synods in 743 and 745.
ZACHARIAS. KJV and ASV form of Zechariah.
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1915)
(1) One of the "rulers of the temple" at the time of Josiah’s Passover (1 Esdras 1:8) = "Zechariah" of
(2) One of the "holy singers" at Josiah’s Passover (1 Esdras 1:15); the name stands in place of "Heman" in
(3) In 1 Esdras 6:1; 7:3 = the prophet Zechariah.
(4) One of the sons of Pharos who returned with Ezra at the head of his family (1 Esdras 8:30) = "Zechariah" of
(5) One of the "men of understanding" with whom Ezra consulted when he discovered the absence of priests and Levites (1 Esdras 8:44) = "Zechariah" of
(6) Zacharias (omitted in the
(7) One of the sons of Babi who went up at the head of his family with Ezra (1 Esdras 8:37) = "Zechariah" of
(8) One of the sons of Elam who had taken foreign wives (1 Esdras 9:27) = "Zechariah" of
(9) The father of Joseph, one of the "leaders of the people" under Judas (1 Macc 5:18,56).
(10) The King James Version = the(British and American) "Zarains" (1 Esdras 5:8).
(11) The King James Version = the Revised Version (British and American) "Zachariah" of
Father of (
Elisabeth, his wife, was of the daughters of Aaron (