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York

City, county, and parliamentary borough and see town of the archbishopric of York. It was founded in a.d. 71 as Eboracum by the Romans as a headquarters for the ninth legion. It became the Roman military capital in Britain and was visited by the emperors Hadrian, Severus, and Constantine Chlorus (who died there). Constantine was proclaimed emperor at York. Mention is made of a bishop of York at the Council of Arles* in 314, but the Roman occupation ended soon after a.d. 400 and little is known about York or the church there till the appointment of Paulinus* as bishop in 625. Edwin, king of Northumbria, was baptized at York in 627 and founded a church there. Paulinus departed to Rochester in 633 after the defeat of Edwin by Cadwallon. For the next thirty years York came under the spiritual oversight of the bishops of Lindisfarne, who followed the Celtic customs of the church.