1808-1875. Scottish preacher and author. Born at Scone, Perthshire, a farmer's son, he was apprenticed in early life to a gardener. He studied for the ministry in Glasgow, gaining distinction especially in Greek. After an assistantship at Dunipace, he became minister of St. Peter's Church, Glasgow, continuing the ministry in connection with the Free Church after 1843. He was ejected from the church by decision of the Court of Session (1849), thereafter opening a new church in Main Street, Glasgow (1850). He was called to the Free High Church, Edinburgh, in 1863 and ministered there until his death. He visited the USA three times. His many books include Illustrations of the (1857-58).