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William Allen

1532-1594. Scholar and cardinal. Born in Rossall, Lancashire, he went to Oriel College, Oxford, and in 1556 was chosen principal of St. Mary's Hall. When Elizabeth acceded, Allen was deprived and left England in 1561 for refusing the Oath of Supremacy. He was an ardent Romanist and soon gathered around him, at Louvain, other English refugees to study theology and reestablish the Roman faith. Allen himself returned secretly to England to encourage the recusants. He moved from place to place to avoid arrest and finally left England in 1565 for Flanders. After ordination as priest he lectured at the Benedictine College in Malines. He established a college at Douai in 1568, in response to the call of the [[Council of Trent]],* and became a professor there. In 1575 he founded the English College in Rome and in 1589 a further college at Valladolid. He was the overseer of the Douai version* of the Bible project. All the while Allen continued his theological study and writing, and he regarded