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Western Text

The name given by Westcott* and Hort* to a type of text of the Greek NT which had special affinities with the West. Its chief representatives are Codex Bezae (D) for the gospels and Acts, and [[Codex Claromontanus]] (Dp) for the Epistles (in both of which the text is written in Greek and Latin), the Old Latin version, and the Curetonian Syriac. Most of the Latin Fathers-including Marcion, Tatian, Justin, Irenaeus, Hippolytus, Tertullian, and Cyprian-made use of the Western form of the text in their quotations. The date of origin of the [[Western Text]] is thought consequently to have been as early as the middle of the second century. The characteristics which Westcott and Hort found in it included an apparent freedom to change things in order to bring out the meaning better. This might involve the omission or insertion of words, clauses, or even whole sentences. They also found a tendency to assimilate words and phrases found close to each other and, more seriously, through a process