VULTURE. The treatment of this word is too varied to justify listing comparisons between VSS. Three words are so tr. in the KJV, one prob. being a Heb. textual error. In the RSV four Heb. words are so tr.; in both VSS the contexts are either food lists or purely fig., giving no help in identification. See [[Eagle]], [[Osprey]], [[Ossifrage]] and [[Birds of Prey]] for Heb. words. Palestine has at least three resident species—black, bearded, and griffon—while the conspicuous black-and-white Egyp. vulture is a summer breeder. All are scavengers that find life more difficult in countries where civilization has brought sanitary methods of refuse disposal. The larger wild animals have become scarce and almost the only carcasses likely to become available to vultures in Pal. are those of sheep, goats, and camels which have died of disease and are not acceptable as food.