URIEL (ū'rĭ-ĕl, Heb. ’ûrî’ēl, God is light)
A Levite, the son of Tahash and father of Uzziah from the family of Kohath (
URIEL yŏŏr’ ĭ əl (אוּרִיאֵ֣ל, El [God] is light). 1. A prominent Levite from the family of Kohath who helped to bring the Ark of the covenant from the house of Obed-edom to Jerusalem. The Ark had originally been placed at Shiloh, from whence it had been stolen by the Philistines, and then finally came to rest in the home of Obed-edom near Kirjathjearim. The return was accomplished with much singing and dancing both by the priests and by David.
2. A man of Gibeah, whose daughter Micaiah was the mother of Abijah, king of Judah.
In later lit., Uriel appears as the angel who helped to bring Adam and Abel into Paradise, and as the angel who wrestled with Jacob.
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1915)
(’uri’-el, "flame of El (God)," or "El is my light"):
(1) A Kohathite, said in
(2) A man of Gibeah, and father of Micaiah the mother of King Abijah of Judah (
(3) The archangel (En 20:2, etc.). See next article.
Called only in 2 Esdras an "angel," except 2 Esdras 4:36 where the (British and American) and the rightly give "Jeremiel the archangel" for the King James Version "Uriel the archangel," but elsewhere known as one of the four chief archangels. He was the angel who instructed Ezra (2 Esdras 4:1; 5:20; 10:28). In Enoch 20:2 Uriel is the angel who is "over the world and Tartarus" (ho epi tou kosmou kai tou tartarou), and as such is the conductor to Enoch in the world below, the secrets of which he explains. Compare also (Greek) 19:1; 21:5. In the (Latin) " ," 48 (ed. W. Meyer in Abhand. d. Bayer. Akad. der Wiss., XIV, 1878, 250), Uriel (Oriel) accompanied Michael when at God’s bidding he wrapped the bodies of Adam and Abel in three linen sheets and buried them in Paradise. In the lost " " Uriel is the angel who wrestles and converses with Jacob and knows the secrets of heaven (as in Enoch those of Tartarus), but stands only 8th in rank, whereas in (Greek) Enoch 20:2 ff he is the 1st of the six (or seven) archangels. In Sib Or 2:229 he is entrusted with the judgment of the Titans. Compare Milton, Paradise Lost, III, 690, "regent of the sun, and held the sharpest sighted Spirit of all in heaven."
(2) "Urier" the King James Version = the Revised Version (British and American) and the King James Version margin "Jeremiel."