United Presbyterian Church

scotland. A body formed in 1847 by the union of the United Secession Church* and the Relief Church,* representing respectively the main bodies of the first secession (1733) and the second secession (1761) from the Church of Scotland.* The union was not effected without difficulty, for the two churches differed considerably in nature. The former had a strictness of ecclesiastical discipline whereas the latter was more broadly evangelical and laxer in doctrine and discipline by the standards of the times. The United Presbyterian Church had 518 congregations and was largely confined to the cities and towns. In 1900 it united with the Free Church of Scotland* to form the United Free Church.* Among its contributions to the Christian cause was its zeal for missionary work in Calabar (now Nigeria) and India.