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Uniate

Uniat (or Uniate) churches are Eastern Christian churches in communion with Rome who have retained their own liturgies, liturgical language, and ecclesiastical customs and rites—e.g., Communion in both kinds, baptism by immersion, marriage of the clergy. The name is derived from the Latin unio through the Polish unia, and was used in a derogatory sense by Russian and Greek Orthodox opponents of the Union of Brest-Litovsk (1595-96), when Byzantine Christians in the province of Kiev adhered to the Roman see. The term is now a common expression for all Roman Catholics of any Eastern rite. Its hostile flavor has not been lost, and it is not used in any Roman Catholic documents or by the groups so designated. The churches fall into several categories: