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Town

TOWN. The tr. of several Heb. and Gr. words. The Eng. usage of “towns” is applied to different Biblical words expressive of different categories. See [[City]]. 1. בַּת, H1426, daughter, usually indicates the dependent villages of a walled city. 2. עִיר, H6551, city, is rendered town in KJV (ASV generally) in cases when unwalled and when noted by modifying words, but sometimes (1 Sam 23:7) in contrary cases. 3. חַוָּה, H2557, hamlet, is by KJV, ASV tr. regularly town (Num 32:41; Josh 13:30). 4. חָצֵר, H2958, village, from the root meaning court, prob. houses grouped together so as to form a semi-enclosed area, perhaps not more than five or six. 5. פְּרָזוֹת, H7252, akin to פָּרַשׁ, H7300, (divide, separate), connoting loosely grouped houses in the country—hardly villages in the best sense. 6. קִ֣יר, is obscured in Joshua 2:15 by being rendered “town wall” in KJV, ASV, RSV, and should be town. “Town wall” is here used as a metonym. 7. κώμη, G3267, is the small village or count