TOPARCHY tŏp’ är kĭ (τοπαρχία, a place [topos] of a ruler [archon]). A small district ruled by a toparch.
The word is not found in the NT but occurs in
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1915)
to’-par-ki, top’-ar-ki (toparchia): therenders this Greek word by "government" in 1 Macc 11:28 (the King James Version margin and the (British and American) "province"). It denotes a small administrative district corresponding to the modern Turkish Nahieh, administered by a Mudir. Three such districts were detached from the country of Samaria and added to Judea. Elsewhere (1 Macc 10:30; 11:34) the word used to describe them is nomos. Some idea of the size of these districts may be gathered from the fact that Judea was divided into ten (Pliny v.14) or eleven (BJ, III, iii, 5) toparchies.