Three Chapters Controversy
The three chapters were three “subjects” condemned by Emperor Justinian* in an edict of 543/4. His purpose was to conciliate the powerful Monophysite* group and retain their allegiance to church and crown. The three chapters were (1) the writings of
Although this edict did in fact undermine the authority and teaching of the
When the Fifth Ecumenical Council met in May 553 at Constantinople, it decided in favor of the condemnation of the Chapters and against the efforts of Western bishops to have the condemnation withdrawn. A little later, Vigilius declared his submission to the decision of the council, but parts of the Western Church refused to follow the pope. The churches of N Italy, led by the clergy of Aquileia and Milan, broke off communion with Rome and caused a schism which lasted for half a century.