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Thomas Wolsey

c.1475-1530. English cardinal. He was born at Ipswich and educated at Oxford. He became a fellow of Magdalen College in 1497 and was ordained priest in 1498. In 1503 he became chaplain to the governor of Calais and so began his public career. He served both Henry VII and [[Henry VIII]] as chaplain. Royal service speedily led to ecclesiastical preferment. Among the many rewards he received, in 1514 he was made bishop of Lincoln and archbishop of York. In the following years he added further bishoprics and other important appointments. From all of these he gained enormous profit. The year 1515 marked the zenith of his power, when he was made cardinal by the pope and lord chancellor by the king. When in 1518 he was made papal legate, he became supreme in both church and state under the king.