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Thomas Arundel

1353-1414. Archbishop of Canterbury from 1396. Third son of the earl of Arundel, he was consecrated bishop of Ely in 1374 and was thereafter lord chancellor (1386- 89) to Richard II, during which time he became also archbishop of York. A determined opponent of the Lollards* and of reform movements within the church, he was impeached in Parliament in 1397 and banished. He returned to power with Henry IV, both as chancellor and in his see, which he retained till his death. Arundel opposed the “Lacklearning” Parliament of 1404 and its successor of 1410 over attempts to disendow the church; in 1408 he helped a provincial council at Oxford against the Lollards, being instrumental for the trial and burning of Lord Cobham for that heresy in 1413.