Theophylact

FL. 1070-1081. Archbishop of Achrida, and Byzantine exegete. Born in Euboea, he entered a monastery early in life. Quickly he showed great promise as a scholar and was chosen tutor to the young Prince Constantine, son of the emperor Michael VII (1071-78), to whom he dedicated a treatise “On the Education of Princes.” About 1078 he became archbishop of Achrida (Ochrida), an uncivilized area. In his letters he often complained of the wickedness, ignorance, and bad manners of the Bulgars, who composed the majority of his flock. Nevertheless he was able to continue his literary work. He was a disciple of Michael Psellus* (c.1019-c.1078), the first professor of philosophy at the University of Constantinople, and this ensured his mastery of classical learning. He wrote commentaries on all the NT books except the Book of Revelation, as well as on several OT books. While his exegetical methods owed much to earlier Greek commentators, he was not himself lacking in lucidity of idea and expression. Apart from the commentaries, other extant works include homilies, letters, poems, and a conciliatory treatise concerning the Greak Schism.* The date of his death is not known, but he survived the accession of Alexius Comnenus in 1081.