From a Greek word denoting those who teach that God suffered. The description was applied by contemporaries to that group of so-called Monophysites* who taught that when Jesus suffered on the cross it was in fact God who suffered; as their formula put it, “One of the Trinity suffered in the flesh and was crucified.” This doctrine was publicly taught from 519 in Constantinople by certain Scythian monks, as well as by John Maxentius. Though their claim to orthodoxy was accepted by Emperor Justinian, it was disputed by the local patriarch and by the pope, with whom has gone the verdict of history.