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Theodore of Mopsuestia

c.350-428. Antiochene exegete and theologian. Of wealthy Antiochene parentage, educated with [[John Chrysostom]]* under the eminent rhetorician and philosopher Libanius, like John he abandoned a secular career c.369 for the monastic school of Diodore* (of Tarsus). When marriage and the bar proved tempting, John persuaded him to persevere. He was ordained presbyter by Flavian c.383 and in 392 made bishop of Mopsuestia in Cilicia. During his lifetime his erudition and prolific literary versatility were renowned and his orthodoxy virtually unquestioned, but after the [[Council of Ephesus]]* (431) his standing became posthumously entangled with that of his condemned pupil Nestorius (see Nestorianism). Rabbula* of Edessa pressed the attack, Cyril* of Alexandria wrote Against Diodore and Theodore, and despite Chalcedon's* apparent favor, Theodore and his writings were anathematized in the first of the Three Chapters* by Justinian* (543/4) and the [[Second Council of Constantinople]]* (553),