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Temple

Three temples stood successively on [[Mount Moriah]] (2Chr.3.1) in Jerusalem. This site is today called the [[Haram esh-Sherif]] and is a Muslim holy place. The first temple was built by Solomon, the second by [[Zerubbabel]] and the [[Jews]] who returned from the [[Babylonian exile]]. The third temple, which was in use in the days of Jesus, was begun and largely built by [[Herod the Great]]. Most ancient religions had temples. Indeed the [[Canaanite]] temples found at [[Megiddo]] and [[Hazor]] are not unlike that of the Hebrews in ground plan. The Jerusalem temple was distinctive in that it contained no idol in the inner sanctum, but only a box (called the [[ark]]) containing the two tablets of the law, with the symbolic worshiping [[cherubim]] above. Solomon’s Temple The great economic and cultural development of the Hebrews during the reigns of [[David]] and [[Solomon]] led to David’s desire to build a temple. The [[tabernacle]], the previous sacrificial center (Exod.35.1-Exod