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Templars

A military religious order founded c.1118 by Hugh des Payens, a knight from Burgundy, and Godfrey of St.-Omer, a knight from N. France. The original purpose of the Templars was to aid and protect pilgrims on their way to the Holy Land, thus acting in conjunction with the Knights of St. John, or Hospitallers,* who tended sick pilgrims in Jerusalem. These warrior-knights took the monastic vows of poverty, chastity, and obedience, and refrained from adopting many of the pompous rites and garbs prevalent among religious orders at the time. The official name of the order, “the Poor Fellow-Soldiers of Christ and the Temple of Solomon,” is derived from their early state of poverty and from the portion of the king of Jerusalem's (Baldwin II) palace in which they lived, known as the Temple of Solomon.