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TELAIM (tē-lā'ĭm, Heb. ha-telā’îm, lambs). The place where Saul mustered his army against Amalek (1Sam.15.4); possibly the same as Telem (Josh.15.24) in Judah.

TELAIM tĭ lā’ əm (טְלָאִ֔ים; LXX, ἐν γαλγάλοις). A city of Judah near Ziph and the ill-defined Amalekite border, Saul’s concentration point and base for his counterattack on the Amalekites who were raiding Judah. The LXX, following the same authorities as Josephus (1 Sam 15:4; Antiq. VI. vii. 2), reads Gilgal in this text, and it is also suggested that Telaim may be a corruption for Telem (Josh 15:24) in the Negev, strategically a more likely assembly point for a desert campaign of this nature. In 1 Samuel 27:8, following the LXX, some allow an occurrence of the word, which, in fact, would restore some geographical precision to a corrupted passage. Render “they of Telaim,” for “of old.”

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1915)

The place where Saul "summoned the people, and numbered them" (1Sa 15:4) before his attack on Agag, king of the Amalekites. Some authorities read "Telam" for "Havilah" in verse 7 and also find this name in 1Sa 27:8 instead of me`olam. In Septuagint and Josephus (Ant., VI, vii, 2) Gilgal occurs instead of Telaim, on what ground is not known. Probably Telaim is identical with TELEM (which see), though the former may have been the name of a Bedouin tribe inhabiting the latter district. Compare Dhallam Arabs now found South of Tell el-Milch.

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