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Syrian Churches

Christianity was established in Syria by the end of the second century; legend links it with Jesus Himself. Its gospel was the Diatessaron of Tatian. Its mode of life included a strong emphasis upon celibacy and asceticism. Its great teachers were Afrahat and Ephraem,* its centers Edessa and Nisibis. The doctrinal division of the church after the [[Council of Chalcedon]]* (451) left its mark very clearly upon Syrian Christianity, and the number of Syrian churches still witnesses to this. Already after the [[Council of Ephesus]]* (431) the Syrian churches of East Syria and Persia adhered to the teaching of Nestorius (see Nestorianism).