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Sweden

Politics and religion joined hands in early missionary enterprises; when Louis the Pious sought further domains, the missionary he chose was Anskar* (801-65). Failing in Denmark,* the latter turned to Sweden. King Bjorn gave permission to preach and build a church, the first in Scandinavia. Few Swedes responded, and the work faded for a time, but in the latter tenth century Christianity became established with bishops. Early in the eleventh century, King Olof Skotonung was baptized and established an archbishopric at Skara (1020). Later, under Svenkers (1130-55), paganism was overcome with the help of Cistercian monks from England and Germany, one of whom-Stephan-became first archbishop of Uppsala. Soon the Swedish bishops became subordinate to Rome.