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STREET (חוּץ, H2575; ὁδός, G3847). In ancient oriental cities the streets were very narrow, often only wide enough to allow for the passage of a chariot. They were also winding and without any plan, although very large cities sometimes had one or more avenues. Since refuse was thrown into streets, they were usually very dirty, although scavenger dogs ate a great deal of the garbage. Craftsmen and tradesmen of the same kind carried on their business in the same streets or quarters. Streets were usually rutted and muddy, since they were not often paved. Herod the Great paved the main street of Antioch with white stones, and Agrippa II also paved Jerusalem with white stones. Usually houses abutted directly onto the streets. Each of the houses had a door on the street side, but the windows were on the opposite side, facing courts. At the gates of the city walls there were large open places for the transaction of business. There justice was dispensed, punishment inflicted, proclamations read and news spread.

See also

  • City