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STOOL. A three or four-legged seat, used already in ancient times. The Shunammite woman put one in Elisha’s room (2Kgs.4.10 kjv; niv “chair”). A stool of peculiar form was used in Egypt for women in childbirth (Exod.1.16).

STOOL. The KJV rendering of כִּסֵּא, H4058, (ASV SEAT, RSV CHAIR) in 2 Kings 4:10 and of אָבְנַ֫יִם, H78, (ASV, RSV BIRTHSTOOL) in Exodus 1:16. The stool consisted of two stones or bricks on which a woman sat during childbirth. Archeological remains show that the use of such seats existed in ancient Egypt.

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1915)

It is not clear what the character and purpose of this stool were Septuagint has no reference to it). It seems to have been a chair of a peculiar sort upon which a woman reclined in parturition (Ex 1:16). The Hebrew word is in the dual number and primarily means "two stones." The only other place where it occurs is Jer 18:3, where it is rendered "wheels" Septuagint epi ton lithon, "on the stones"). In 2Ki 4:10, the word translated in the King James Version as "stool" (kicce’) is in the Revised Version (British and American) more correctly translated "seat."


Jesse L. Cotton