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Soul

SOUL (Heb. nephesh, Gr. psychē). The word commonly used in the Bible to designate the nonmaterial ego of man in its ordinary relationships with earthly and physical things. It is one of a number of psychological nouns, all designating the same nonmaterial self, but each in a different functional relationship. Thus, the “mind” (nous) is the self in its rational functions. Again “mind” (phronēma) is the self as deeply comtemplating. “Heart” (kardia) is the self as manifesting a complex of attitudes. “Will” (thelēsis) is the self as choosing and deciding. “Spirit” (pneuma) is the self when thought of apart from earthly connections. When the blessed dead in heaven are spoken of as having been put to a martyr’s death, they are called “souls” (Rev.6.9). When there is no reference to their former bodily experience, they are called “spirits” (Heb.12.23).