SOSTRATUS sŏs’ trə təs (Σώστρατος; Σόστρατος). The governor of the citadel at Jerusalem under Antiochus IV (Epiphanes). He tried to obtain from the high priest, Menelaus, the sum of money which the latter had promised to pay the king to be appointed high priest, but Menelaus refused. As a result, both Menelaus and Sostratus were summoned to appear before the king. Beyond this story, Sostratus is not known (2 Macc 4:27ff.).

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1915)

"The governor of the citadel" of Jerusalem under Antiochus IV (Epiphanes). His duty was to gather the revenues of the city and province for the imperial treasury. He made a new departure in demanding from Menelaus direct the sum promised to the king in 2 Macc 4:27 ff (for Jason had the privilege of sending the money by his own messenger to the king (2 Macc 4:23)). This claim the usurper Menelaus disputed; consequently he and the governor were both summoned to appear before the king. No more is told, and Sostratus is otherwise unknown.