Slow

SLOW (Heb. kāvēdh, heavy, ‘erekh, to make long, Gr. bradys, dull, argos, inactive). Moses said he was slow of speech (Exod.4.10). This does not refer to any particular defect but simply to the fact that his words did not come readily. “Longsuffering” would almost be a synonym of ‘erekh as seen in many OT passages (Neh.9.17; Ps.103.8; Ps.145.8). It always refers to the passions in the OT. The Greek words are found only three times in the NT (Luke.24.25; Titus.1.12; Jas.1.19).


SLOW, used in the KJV to indicate a number of words which denote gradual or decelerating action. 1. Heb. אָרֵכְ, H800, “slow to anger,” used in the sense of longsuffering (Neh 9:17, et al.).

2. Heb. כָּבֵד, H3878, “heavy.” It is tr. by KJV as “slow” only once (Exod 4:10), but should be read as “slow of speech.”

3. Gr. ἀργός, G734, “lazy,” occurs in Titus 1:12 in what may be a quotation from the fragments of a poem by the Cretan pre-Socratic sage, Epimenides (6th cent. b.c.); elsewhere in the NT, tr. “idle” (Matt 20:3, 6, et al.).

4. Gr. βραδύς, G1096, “slow,” particularly in the idiom, “slow of heart” (Luke 24:25, et al.).

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1915)

slo: Chiefly for ’erekh, literally, "long," in the phrase "slow to anger" (Ne 9:17, etc.). In Ex 4:10; Lu 24:25; Jas 1:19, for kabhedh; bradus, both meaning "heavy," "sluggish," while Sirach 7:35 uses "be slow" for okneo, "hesitate." In addition, the King James Version uses. "slow" for argos, "inactive," in The Wisdom of Solomon 15:15, "slow to go" (the Revised Version (British and American) "helpless for walking"), and in Tit 1:12, "slow bellies" (the Revised Version (British and American) "idle gluttons"). In Sirach 51:24, the King James Version has "be slow" for hustereo, "be lacking" (so the Revised Version (British and American)).