1521-1590. Pope from 1585. Born at Grottamare, Felice Peretti was educated by the Franciscans of Montalto and took the habit at the age of twelve. Ordained priest in 1547, he soon became a noted preacher and friend of Loyola and [[Philip Neri]]. In 1560 he was appointed Consultor of the Inquisition, becoming general of his order and bishop of St. Agata in 1566. In 1570 he was created cardinal by Pius X and was bishop of Fermo from 1571 to 1577, but during the pontificate of [[Gregory XIII]] (1572-85) was kept deliberately in the background. In 1585 he was chosen as pope.