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Shittim

SHITTIM shĭt’ ĭm (שִּׁטִּ֞ים, acacia trees). The designation of a region in the plains of Moab just NE of the Dead Sea. It is prob. the same as Abel-shittim (Num 33:49) although some take exception to this. Abel-shittim, however, is cited as the last encampment site in the record of the journey from Egypt to the [[Jordan River]] (ibid.). It is clear that Shittim was the scene of the final events before the passage of the Jordan, thus making quite certain the identification of Abel-shittim with Shittim (Num 25:1ff.). If the two designations refer to the same place, Shittim would then be a commonly used abbreviation of the longer Abelshittim (stream of the Acacia trees). While the modern Tell-el Kefrein has generally been regarded as the location of the site of ancient Shittim, Glueck has taken exception to this and rather identifies Tell el-Hammam with the site of the Biblical Shittim. This site gives evidence of settlement in Iron Age I, II and prob. Early Bronze Age I. Shittim f