SHIMRON, SHIMROM (shĭm'rŏn, shĭm'rŏm, Heb. shimrôn, a guard)
The fourth son of Issachar, son of Jacob (Gen.46.13; 1Chr.7.1). In 1 Chronicles KJV has “Shimrom.”A town in the northern part of Canaan whose king united with Jabin, king of Hazor, to fight against Joshua and the Israelites (Josh.11.1ff.). In Josh.19.15 it is mentioned among the cities given in the division of the land to the tribe of Zebulun. In Josh.12.20, among the conquests of Joshua, it is called .
SHIMRON shĭm’ rŏn (שִׁמְרֹ֖ון, a guard) KJV SHIMROM, shĭm’ rŏm (1 Chron 7:1). 1. A son of Issachar and grandson of Jacob (Gen 46:13; 1 Chron 7:1). He was the eponymous head of the Shimronite family (Num 26:24).
2. A Canaanite city whose king was included in a military alliance initiated by Jabin, king of Hazor, the purpose of which was to resist the Israelite invasion under Joshua. It was later included in the territory assigned to the tribe of Zebulun (Josh 19:10, 15). Its inclusion in the district of Bethlehem (19:15) suggests that it may be located at the modern Tell es-Semuniya (the omission of the “r” being supported by the LXX) where Middle and Late Bronze effects have been discovered. It is prob. identical with Shimron-meron (12:20).
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1915)
The 4th son of Issachar (Ge 46:13; Nu 26:24; 1Ch 7:1), and ancestor of the Shimronites (Nu 26:24).
A town whose king was tributary to Jabin king of Hazor, and who joined in the attempt to resist the invasion under Joshua (Jos 11:1). It was in the territory allotted to Zebulun (Jos 19:15). No sure identification is yet possible. The Septuagint and the Talmud both omit the "r" from the name; and Neubauer would identify it with Simonias (Vita, 24), the Simonia of the Talmud, which is now represented by Semuniyeh, a village about 5 miles West of Nazareth, on the edge of the plain (Geog. du Talm). Beit Lachm, named by Josephus along with it, is a short distance to the Northwest Es-Semeiriyeh, about 3 miles North of Acre, has also been suggested; but it is perhaps too far to the West.