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SHETH (shĕth, Heb. shēth, compensation)

In the KJV the name of Eve’s third son (1Chr.1.1, lit. trans.), elsewhere called Seth.“The sons of Sheth” in Num.24.17 refers to the Moabites, whom Balaam predicted would be conquered by an Israelite ruler. ASV here reads “sons of tumult,” but compare the footnote.

SHETH shĕth (שֵׁ֕ת). 1. A son of Adam and Eve; he was born after the murder of Abel by Cain (1 Chron 1:1 KJV; RSV SETH). He became the father of Enosh and died at the age of 912 (Gen 5:6-8).

2. “The sons of Sheth” is a descriptive term for Moabites in Numbers 24:17 (KJV, ASV mg., RSV); but ASV has “sons of tumult.” Balaam foretold their defeat by an Israelite ruler (Num 24:15-19).

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1915)

seth, sheth (sheth; Seth):

(1) The son born to Adam and Eve after the death of Abel (Ge 4:25 f; 5:3 ff; 1Ch 1:1; Sirach 49:16; Lu 3:38). In Ge 4:25 the derivation of the name is given. Eve "called his name Seth: For, said she, God hath appointed (shath) me another seed instead of Abel." In 1Ch 1:1 the King James Version, the form is "Sheth"; elsewhere in the King James Version and in the Revised Version (British and American) throughout the form is "Seth."

(2) the King James Version "the children of Sheth," the Revised Version (British and American) "the sons of tumult." According to the King James Version rendering, the name of an unknown race mentioned in Balaam’s parable (Nu 24:17).

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