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d.451. Abbot and Sahidic scholar. About 388 he succeeded his uncle, Pgol, who about 350 had established an important cenobitic community, and White Monastery, based on the Rule of Pachomius,* near Sohag, some fifty miles downstream from Nag Hammadi.* Several accounts of his life remain, the oldest by his pupil and successor Besa, which describe his severe temperament and organizational abilities. Extant also is a considerable volume of expository epistles and sermons, nearly half unpublished. Shenoute was present at the Council of Ephesus* (431)-he dates his ministry from some forty-three years earlier-and influential on the deliberations of Chalcedon (451), having aided the church against both Gnosticism* and Monophysitism.*