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SHAUL, SHAULITES (shā'ŭl, shā'ŭ-līts, Heb. shā’ûl, asked [of the Lord ], shā’ûlî, of Shaul)

SHAUL shôl (שָׁא֖וּל). 1. A king of Edom who lived in the period before the Israelite monarchy (Gen 36:37, 38; KJV SAUL; 1 Chron 1:48, 49).

2. A son of Simeon and a Canaanite woman (Gen 46:10; Exod 6:15; 1 Chron 4:24). The patronymic SHAULITES occurs in Numbers 26:13.

3. An ancestor of Samuel (1 Chron 6:24; called Joel in v. 36).

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1915)

sha’-ul, sha’-ul-its (sha’ul; Saoul):

(1) A king of Edom (Ge 36:37 = 1Ch 1:48 ).

(2) A son of Simeon (Ge 46:10; Ex 6:15; Nu 26:13; 1Ch 4:24). The clan was of notoriously impure stock, and, therefore, Shaul is called "the son of a Canaanitish woman" (Ge 46:10; Ex 6:15); the clan was of mixed Israelite and Canaanitish descent. The patronymic Shaulites is found in Nu 26:13.

(3) An ancestor of Samuel (1Ch 6:24 (Hebrew 9)); in 1Ch 6:36 he is called "Joel."