SELF-CONTROL (ἐγκράτεια, G1602, self-control, continence, temperance). It is listed in the NT as one of the basic Christian virtues. It is the mastery of self, the exercise of restraint, esp. in sensual pleasures. Self-control is man’s insurance against self-indulgence in immorality, drunkenness, brawling, gossiping, conceit, and greed. In temperance man foregoes excesses in acceptable pursuits, as eating, drinking, and conversation.